Social Sciences

Venezuela’s flag

Venezuela’s flag

The Venezuelan flag is commonly known as the ‘Tricolor Flag’ because it has three colors. This has the primary colors distributed in horizontally oriented stripes; all three are the same size. The colors are arranged as follows: yellow at the top, blue at the center, and red at the bottom.

In the blue strip there are 8 white stars arranged in an arc. On the other hand, in the yellow strip you can find the national shield of Venezuela located at the extreme left, this, in the flag of official use. The ratio of the Venezuelan flag is 2: 3.

History of the flag of Venezuela

The tricolor flag that currently represents Venezuela was raised for the first time in Haiti on March 12, 1806 by Francisco de Miranda. However, before the flag featured the primary colors arranged in the way they are today, Venezuela was represented with other flags.

The first of these was the flag of Gual and Spain in 1797. It had four vertical stripes on the right side (yellow, red, white and blue), a blue stripe at the bottom with 4 white five-pointed stars. In the barracks on the right side there was a sun on a white background.

For the year 1800, the flag that represented Venezuela was the Military flag of Francisco de Miranda. This had 3 stripes, black, red and yellow, representing African Americans, pardos and Indians, respectively.

Later, in 1806, as already mentioned, the flag in Haiti was raised by Francisco de Miranda. It is not until August that the flag is raised in Venezuelan lands. Five years later, the flag is modified, having a shield in the upper left part in which an Indian woman is seen resting on a rock and looking towards the sea. The following changes to the flag were:

Timeline and changes of the Venezuelan flag

  • Flag of the Federal Government (1817): The shield is eliminated and 7 blue five-pointed stars are added to the yellow strip. These 7 stars would represent the provinces that made up the Independent Republic in its beginnings: Caracas, Cumaná, Margarita, Trujillo, Barinas, Barcelona and Mérida. Subsequently, Simón Bolívar decrees that an eighth star be added after liberating the province of Guayana.
  • Flag decreed by General Juan Crisóstomo Falcón (1863): General Juan Crisóstomo Falcón eliminates the eighth star, leaving 7 again. The stars are arranged in the blue band in a circular way ; one of the stars is in the middle of the circle formed by the 6 pentagrams. In this flag, the stars go from blue to white.
  • Flag decreed by Cipriano Castro (1905): Cipriano Castro decrees that the 7 stars must form the circumference.
  • National Flag (1930): General Juan Vicente Gómez decrees that the stars are arranged in the shape of an arc.
  • Modification of 1942: By decree of Isaías Medina Angarita, the flag raised in military and diplomatic establishments must carry the National Shield in the yellow strip, on the left side, near the flagpole.
  • Modification of 2006 and current National Flag: Finally, the National Assembly includes the eighth star that Simón Bolívar had decreed in 1817 and also changes some elements of the National Shield, which must be kept in its official use.

What does the Venezuelan flag mean?

The colors of the flag of Venezuela have a meaning, as well as each of its stars. The yellow stripe represents the abundance and all the wealth of the nation . It is also a symbol of justice , harmony and sovereignty. For its part, the blue strip represents the sky that covers Venezuela, as well as its seas, lakes and rivers.

As for the color red, this is a symbol that represents the blood shed by the heroes of the homeland for their freedom. It is also associated with the love, strength and progress of the nation.

Regarding the 8 stars, these represent the 8 provinces that made up Venezuela when it became independent from Spain. These provinces were: Caracas, Margarita, Barcelona, ​​Cumaná, Barinas, Trujillo, Mérida and Guayana.

Examples of the flag of Venezuela

  • Flag of the Great Colombia; This represented Venezuela and the other countries that were part of Greater Colombia, since before they were unified in a single nation.
  • Flag of the United States of Venezuela.
  • The Flag of the First Republic of Venezuela, known as the Mother Flag.
  • The Flag of Gual and Spain; This flag is currently used by the La Guaira state, formerly called the Vargas state.

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