This term is used to express that a piece of land is owned or controlled by a person, an organization or an institution. Therefore, its context will almost always be political and geographic .
A territory is the amount of land and water that delimits the borders with other territories. Each portion of land established in the constitution of a country will have a leader and different institutions at the head of the administration of its resources and citizen order.
At the political level , the territory also sets the limits of responsibility and dominion that a State has over people, natural resources and others: beyond its borders they have no decision-making capacity, since it already belongs to another government.
In geography , the word territory refers to the land or waters as such that, regardless of who or want, has representatives. It is common to use this term to set borders and understand regions, continents, etc. In addition, the culture, society, politics, landscapes of that territory are also studied .
At the citizen level, the territory can establish a sense of belonging and sovereignty among the inhabitants of said space. People can know to what extent their rights as inhabitants of one country can be respected, and from where they must respond to the laws of another.
A territory can be divided into several smaller territories, hence states, provinces and cities are created.
Terrestrial : it is the emerged surface, that is, higher than sea level and where people live and the greatest productive and other activity takes place.
Maritime : are those submerged lands, low to sea level up to 200 meters deep.
Air : The air space that is located above the emerged and submerged territories of the country.
Lacustrine : it refers to everything that has to do with lakes, from the geographical, geological, to the biological.
Fluvial : it has to do with rivers. Many countries have their own river system, which is also the case of the continent to which they belong.
Examples of territories
A territory, as physical terrain, can be:
- The countries belonging to the Andean Region.
- The Amazon.
- The plain of a particular country.
- The whole earthly surface of Holland.
Relating to the dominance of a government or organization over a territory, these are some examples:
- The community of Madrid is an autonomous community in Spain of about 8,022 km² that has its own president and other government figures. They also have holidays and regulations different from those common with the rest of Spain. The current president has full responsibility for what happened within those square kilometers and the political relations with her environment.
- National parks are the territory of government or private organizations that live in such places to keep them in good condition and / or manage their resources.
- The European continent is the sum of all the countries that belong to that continent (or those that are dependent on a European country) and that are part of organizations, such as the European Union (EU).
- The own and common territory among Bolivians is Bolivia. Therefore, they must assume a set of duties and rights that correspond to them as citizens of that state.
- French Guyana is a territory of France, which is why it is also part of the European Union. It is officially known as an overseas department of France .
Territory refers to possessions, either fictitious (from a legal point of view) or real, for example:
- “Tunja is a land of peace.”
- “The Amazon is indigenous territory.”
- Many years ago, people in rural areas and at the beginning of the foundations of towns or communities, surrounded areas by their own means and made them their territory, to inhabit or produce land.