Nazism is a term that refers to the Nazi political ideology, promoted after the First World War in German territory by the political leader of the time Adolf Hitler , who at that time was the ruler of Nazi Germany during the period that goes from the year 1933 to year 1945 .
The main basis of this political ideology was based on the total rejection of liberal democracy as well as any form of government that is related to the socialist regime based on Marxism. This Nazi political ideology also affirmed their superiority as an Aryan race against the rest of the world, which is why they considered themselves strong enough to rule the world.
The main characteristic of the Nazi symbol was the swastika cross and the form of government that they raised and executed was the totalitarian one which included persecution of a political nature, political discrimination, armed conflicts with neighboring countries, among others.
In this sense, it is important to note that this Nazi political ideology was the driving force and trigger of the Second World War.
Characteristics of Nazism
- absolute power rested in a single person, Adolf Hitler, who was considered the supreme, total and absolute leader of the movement and who in turn demanded total and absolute obedience. His full power emanated from the leader, not the people.
- The Nazi party was the only legally constituted party in that country; so the other opposition parties or groups were repressed and persecuted.
- Its main objective was pan-Germanism, that is, the unification of the culture and traditions of the countries and peoples of Germanic origin.
- It was based on expansionism and the conquest of territories, taking into account that it would find fuel as well as raw material for Nazi Germany.
- Manipulation of the different means of communication in order to have the support of the people as a whole. The media bombardment was constant and continuous with the main objective of achieving the mental manipulation of its inhabitants.
The first political expression of Nazism was through the German Workers’ Party (DAP), created by Anton Drexler on January 5, 1919. In this year, Hitler joined this group in July and over time became the undisputed leader of the renamed National Socialist German Workers Party (NSDAP).
Hitler, after battling in the First World War, wanted to take power by force through a coup, but the attempt was unsuccessful and cost him eleven months in prison, from which came his book called “My Struggle”, a book who was in charge of refounding the foundations of the Nazi ideology, thus exposing the various anti-Semitic, pan-Germanist and anti-communist projects.
After his release from prison , Hitler was in charge of leading the party of which he was a part until he finally managed to win the elections in 1933 . In this sense, he was in charge of the German Chancellery, with faculties and powers very similar to those of a prime minister. After coming to power, he ended the existing Parliament and thus began the dictatorship that ended the Weimar Republic.
Among the main causes that gave birth to Nazism we find:
- The defeat of Germany after the first world war. This left this country submerged in a serious economic crisis.
- The multiple sanctions that they imposed on Germany after having signed the Treaty of Versailles.
- The Great Depression, which followed the economic crisis of 1929 and paralyzed the German economy, leaving millions unemployed and plunging much of the population into despair and poverty.
- The rise of the populism of fascism, which was presented as an alternative to the various current conflicts.
- The implementation of the Nuremberg laws, which had anti-Semitic and racist provisions. These laws were what separated the Jews from the rest of the German community.
- The increase in military power in the country and the conquering territorial expansionism.
- Extermination and murder of millions of Jews in concentration and extermination camps.
- The military occupation of Germany and its subsequent division into two states, one considered capitalist and the other socialist.
- After Hitler’s death, fascism lost popularity and today exists with a very minimal number of followers.
Examples of Nazism
- Being intolerant of people of color is Nazi
- Do not accept races other than white.
- Chasing down and hurting people of color.
- Not allowing people who are not of the same race to enter certain spaces.
- According to the pure theory of law, the crimes of Nazism could be considered “just” insofar as they were based on positive law.