Family and Relationships

Moral judgment

Definition of moral judgment

Judgment is a faculty of the soul that allows us to differentiate between good and evil. When expressed in words, the judgment is an opinion or an opinion. On the other hand, morality is associated with the customs, beliefs, values ​​and norms of a person or a social group. Morality works as a guide to act as it recognizes what is right and what is wrong.

It is called moral judgment, therefore, the mental act that establishes whether a certain situation has ethical content or, on the contrary, lacks these principles. Moral judgment is generated from the moral sense of each person and responds to a series of norms and rules that are acquired throughout life.

In the course of our life, through different areas and entities (society, family, school) we have been taught what is right and what is wrong. However, before all this we have a free will, with this we can: accept it, reject it or ignore it.

This is how little by little what is known as stages of moral judgment have emerged, which are the morality of the heteronomous, interpersonal expectations, individualism, the social system and conscience.

Thus, when we are faced with a specific event, based on our moral judgment, we react in one way or another by considering what is right or wrong. That in the end also supposes that later our attitude is an element of study on the part of our conscience that will determine that the way in which we have acted brings with it regret, remorse or guilt.

The family, the church and the school and the media are some of the social institutions that exert the greatest influence on the adoption of the precepts that determine moral judgments. This means that the environment plays a vital role in the subject’s thinking about what is right and what is wrong.

Many of the judicial cases are broadcast in the media and they induce the population to develop a moral judgment, independent of the established laws.

Characteristics and aspects of moral judgment

As we have noted above, the ability to make a judgment is created by taking into account our experiences. Thus, the situations that we experience, the events that we experience modify the things in which we look at things. It is an experience delimited by moral and ethical principles, and our own interpretation.

All moral judgment is made up of three main elements. In the first place there is the object that refers to the behavior selected by the subject. Later we have the circumstances or conditions that frame and contextualize the fact, finally we have the intention of the person who carried out the fact.

While it is true that morality is a complicated shared by the members of a society, not all of them interpret it in the same way. This implies that certain people think that something is immoral when others do not see it in the same way. So, it should be noted that morality is what is correct and accepted in society, immorality is what goes against morality and good customs.

Examples of moral judgment

  • There are many societies where prostitution was considered an immoral act, even punishable by law . At present, many groups consider that immorality is not present in the exercise of prostitution but in the exploitation suffered by people who are forced to exercise it.
  • The death penalty is considered immoral for many people. however, allowing determined criminals to stay alive is also considered another immoral act.
  • Thefts are unacceptable in general. But, if a person commits a crime either because he cannot get a job and cannot feed himself or his family, the moral judgment about what he committed may not be so rigid or his conduct may even be considered to be understandable.
  • Taking advantage of the profits obtained from the work of others can be considered immoral in a completely abstract sense. However, every investor obtains profits from the work of others, and from this perspective it is not considered an immoral act, since it is foreseen by the rules of our economic system.
  • There are certain expressions or words that are judged as morally wrong. Any word that has been used in a derogatory way towards a specific social sector or group will continue to carry a certain negative moral weight.

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