On November 20, 1910 , starting at six in the afternoon, the armed uprising called by Francisco I Madero began with the aim of overthrowing the government of Porfirio Díaz, and thus establishing free and democratic elections. In this way it was established by the so-called San Pedro Luis chosen by Madero from his exile in San Antonio, Texas.
This manifesto expressed the injustices of the Porfirian regime and sought, among other projects, to restore from the peasants the lands that had previously been tyrannically taken from them. The petition for rural support meant that the peasantry unanimously joined the peasant launch, as did the mestizos and indigenous people.
Beginnings of the Mexican revolution
At the end of May 1911 , Generals Francisco Villa and Pascual Orozco took control of Ciudad Juárez, Chihuahua, which meant the victory of the rebels; After the elections of October of that same year, I elevated Francisco I. Madero to the presidency, this represented the first stage of the Mexican revolution.
The main cause of the great social movement that transmuted the organization of the country in almost all its aspects, was the presence of large estates in the hands of few people who had a reactionary or conservative mentality.
To the important problem in the area of land distribution, was added the situation of misery that the peasants were going through, who were practically in the shadow of the landowners of power, due to the fact that their wages were regulated, and through From the so-called “ray stores” , she supplied them with clothing and food at the price they wanted.
In addition to this, the business sectors carried out the exploitation of the workers , with long hours of work, low wages, Sunday and night work and no benefits; added to the insecurity and unhealthiness of the staff.
The revolutionary movement continued the following years with discontent among the various factions that started it. One of them was Emiliano Zapata , who at the head of the liberating army of the south , asked Madero to have transgressed what was offered regarding the reimbursement of land to the agrarian and indigenous communities established in the state of Morelos.
On the other hand, in Chihuahua, to the north, Pascual Orozco denounced the president for being linked to the country’s corruption and treason.
Subsequently, madero was the victim of the military revolt classified as a “tragic ten” , which took place as of February 9, 1913. In a Victorian beginning, Huerta, in his position as Maderista general, disputed that launching of officers of the old Porfirian regime , although later he moved to their ranks, with the intention of occupying the presidency.
Abraham Gonzalez and Vestuniano Carranza, as Maderista governors, demonstrated in opposition to the usurper Huerta. While Gonzalez was killed by Carranza, with Guadalupe’s plan, he summoned the people to take up arms to restore the country’s legality.
The constitutionalist army was organized , together with Francisco Villa in the north, Álvaro Obregón located in the northwest, Pablo González in the center and Emiliano Zapata in the south. “Pancho” and Carranza fought against the de facto government until Huerta resigned in 1912, after the US invasion of Veracruz.
The promulgation of the constitution of 1917 is considered as the fundamental factor that ended with the Mexican revolution; however, the dispute lasted longer, before the country managed to stabilize.