Social Sciences


The inequality is that condition or event in which two or more people or things, not have the same nature, status, quantity, value, quality, or shape than others. It is a differentiation that is normally interpreted as the disadvantage of some because of the virtues or benefits of the other.

Inequality can occur in various areas of life, economically, politically and judicially. It is represented by the lack of equity in the distribution of resources between the different social classes. Also for access to public services. Some people receive more or less financial aid, education, salaries, social justice and citizenship rights.

On the other hand, we understand inequality as that mathematical expression represented by “≠” , in which the elements on both sides of that symbol are different from each other.

Types of differentiation

Gender: is one where a particular gender is more favored than others in certain circumstances.

Educational : it is closely related to social inequality. The lower classes have fewer opportunities to receive a good education in many countries, while the higher classes enjoy various modalities and quality of teaching.

Economic : it has to do with the administration of the resources of a country. Some people have greater access to the purchase of goods and services, as well as the basic food basket.

Social : refers to the treatment that a person receives, both in public and private organizations, for belonging to a certain social class.

Consequences of inequality

The direct result of this situation is that many people feel rejected and discriminated against . And it is that, xenophobia, homophobia and classism are present when actions of inequality are carried out.

The protests for social discontent is another of the great consequences. In addition, there is a disparity between people who can choose opportunities to develop their lives in the expected way and contribute to society. Poverty and other social aspects that harm the community are increasing.

Examples of inequality

  • There are jobs in which both sexes could perform without problems, but many times women are rejected only because of their natural condition regardless of whether they are more prepared than a particular man. The heads of the companies decide to reject or underestimate them and choose the man for the job.
  • A person who for not training too much receives a lower salary than another who studied at a university, but perhaps works fewer hours and is less exposed to risks than the other.
  • People with more money, in certain countries, do not have to pay as many taxes as those with less money. It also applies to those who are from the poor class.
  • In some states there are more laws that defend more women than men.
  • People of different sex do not have as many rights as those of the feminine or masculine sex.
  • Migrants in some country, even if they work from sunrise to sunset, cannot enjoy the same benefits as nationals

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