What is the ILO?

The International Labor Organization (ILO) is in charge of establishing and appealing for the rights and duties of the workers’ community at the international level. It works with the United Nations , is focused on ensuring and promoting the work also serves as a mediator between employees and employers. There are currently 187 countries associated as members of this organization, they have the duty to enforce the guidelines sent by it. Similarly, the ILO is distinguished by suggesting and establishing measures to obtain and offer better conditions in the workplace.

Now, it was founded and created at the beginning of the 20th century, specifically in 1919. Its headquarters and place where its functions are carried out were established in the city of Geneva in Switzerland. Every year, the ILO organizes and plans a conference or meeting in which the representatives of each member country meet. It includes any union and association that focuses and engages in employee, employer and worker issues. The organization operates from these , are those employing directly and exercise of the defense and promotion work.

Structure of the ILO

The ILO is structured as follows:

Higher Organ

It focuses on organizing the International Labor Conference in June of each year. This meeting is considered the most important, since it is where the delegates from each of the ILO member countries meet. In it, the sanctions, the agreements and the measures to be taken are discussed. In addition, the application of the norms and recommendations established in previous years during the conference is evaluated and analyzed .

Committee of Experts

This group of individuals is present at the International Labor Conference, the highest organ of the ILO. They consider themselves as advisers and specialists in matters associated with international labor laws, as dictated by international law.

The role of these individuals in said conference is based on analysis and evaluation. They are the ones who review the reports in which each member country states what has been applied according to the policies dictated by the ILO. Similarly, the committee of experts advises the ILO on the measures and recommendations to be taken regarding existing failures, as the case may be.

Board of directors

As their name implies, they are the individuals in charge of the administration of the ILO. Its function is to establish the direction and guidelines under which the organization will operate. There are 56 people present on the board of directors, who are divided accordingly. Half are individuals representing the governments of the member countries, while the other half are workers and employers.

Committee on Freedom of Association

This is present on the administrative council and is formed from 9 of the 56 members. In addition, the committee on freedom of association includes a president who represents the three parts of the council, the workers, employers and the state or government. The function that this committee focuses on is the role of advocate for possible violations against the policies and conventions established by the ILO.

International Labor Office

It is made up of the general director and the administrative council, its task is based on supporting the organization and planning of the International Labor Conference. Similarly, it provides everything necessary to the board of directors to ensure its proper functioning. At the moment who directs this office since 2012 is the English Guy Rayder.

Executive Directorate of Social Dialogue

This area is responsible for the direct relationship and interaction between the ILO with employees and employers. Its function is to guarantee dialogue between both parties, it is divided into ACTRAV and ACTEMP. The first of these focuses on the relationship between workers, the ILO and the international labor conference. The second, ACTEMP, is the support and link between the business sector, the employer and the ILO.

Functions of the ILO

    • Supports and promotes job creation.
    • It seeks the protection and guarantee of the rights of the workers.
    • Social dialogue between employees, employers and governments is based and promoted. The aim and objective of this is to guarantee harmony and peace among all the parts that make up the ILO.
    • It seeks to eliminate and eradicate the exploitation or slavery of workers, especially in the child population.
    • It implements agreements and norms that establish the principles under which the forms of work are allowed.
    • It supports the development of companies that offer opportunities to create jobs.
  • Defend and promote worker safety in all areas, from their health to the risks in their work.

Examples from ILO member countries

  • Saudi Arabia
  • Argentina.
  • Belgium.
  • Brazil.
  • Canada.
  • China.
  • Chili.
  • Slovenia.
  • Mexico.
  • Ukraine.
  • Turkey.
  • Viet Nam.

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