Social Sciences

Hegemony

Hegemony is the domain that a people, company, organization, State, etc., exercises over another similar one. The term comes from the Greek ἡγεμονία which translates the term as we know it, and which means “direction” or “leadership”.

The use of this word is used above all in the political sphere, since those countries that have or believe they have a certain level of superiority over one or more other states are called hegemonic states .

Hegemonic states are not only hegemonic at the political level . For such supremacy to exist, there may also be superiority in the economic or military area. It may also happen that several countries unite and create a “team” against another group of nations or just one in question, perhaps for war purposes.

Types 

    • Cultural hegemony. Antonio Gramsci, a Marxist philosopher, developed the concept to refer to the dominance of a social class that imposes its vision and values ​​on other sectors of society.
    • World hegemony. It is the domain of one or several nations from the political , religious, economic, cultural, ideological or military area. This domain is exercised for some finite time.
    • Communicational hegemony. It is about the union of communication media that establish which editorial line they must follow at the same time to create opinion matrices in the community.
  • Other types: sports, political and economic.

Examples of hegemony

  • The United States was a hegemonic power without any rival between 1945 and 1969.
  • In Ancient Greece: Sparta, Athens and Thebes as political and military superiority. Until the Macedonian king joined other peoples to tear down such a union.
  • USA, France, Italy and Great Britain as current hegemonies at the cultural level.
  • United States of America, Great Britain, Germany and Japan as economic hegemonies.
  • In each Olympic game the supremacy is held by the country with the highest number of medals.
  • In the soccer world championships, the champion can be taken as a superior selection.

Examples of sentences with the term hegemony:

  • “Sparta imposed its hegemony over the Greeks and established oligarchic governments.”
  • “League of the Peloponnese: hegemony of Sparta”.
  • “Sparta led the opposition to Athens, which was defeated and lost its previous hegemony.”
  • “The palace became the symbol of the absolute power of the French monarchy, whose hegemony in Europe was indisputable during the second half of the century.”
  • “This could lead in the future to the union of France and Spain under the same Crown, whose hegemony would be indisputable.”
  • “Thus a new international scenario was con fi gured in which the economic, political and military hegemony of the United States was unquestionable.”

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