They are corporations that are made up of people who exercise the same profession or activity , it can also be applied to those groups that maintain a position in front of society with respect to an idea or way of life.
The origin of these groups took place in medieval times in Europe when various groups of workers had to endure exhausting and abusive working hours depending on a year or employer, for this reason the first unions were created around the 16th century and continue to this day. .
The objective of the unions was to control and organize activities within a profession according to demand and at the same time guarantee the work of each member of these groups. They were also dedicated to teaching activities within their sector and generally their conformation was based on three ranks, the first being that of apprentice , followed by the officers who had a series of conditions more in their favor but their responsibilities were greater. and the highest was the teacher who had the duty to deal directly with the employer on behalf of all the members of the union.
At present, unions are usually considered as unions, although in this case the aforementioned hierarchies no longer exist. The main functions of the guilds used to be the supervision of the work carried out as well as the correct supply of resources.
It was important to monitor employment contracts, monitoring compliance with each point, it was also very important to ensure the emotional and spiritual health of each member, the decline of these organizations occurred mainly with the arrival of the well-known industrial revolution in which reigned development at the individual level and in turn made it difficult to take action on personal initiative due to the rigid rules that were established.
- Artists Guild.
- Guild of Doctors.
- Carpenters Guild.
- Bakers Guild.
- Guild of Engineers.
- Lawyers Guild.
- Student Guild.
- Musicians guild
- Workers Guild
- Teachers Guild
Attributions and powers of the guilds
Among the attributions and faculties that the guilds have or possessed for many years we can mention the following:
- Make the collection to the officials
- Monitor and monitor production
- Evaluate, verify and control the contracts that were drawn up
- Maintain control of the various workshops
- Charitable foundation for the families of the deceased.
It is important to point out that these organizations were made up of people who handled the same trade or professions and were guided under laws or internal statutes, in order to maintain order and control within the organization.