Social Sciences


The geography is the science that has as its purpose to describe and represent the surface of the Earth to meet its features and its relationship to humanity. As a social science, this discipline focuses its studies on the human being, how he manages to relate to his environment and how both can be affected according to their activity.

This discipline studies the physical, biological, economic, cultural and social changes that the planet experiences, based on the territories and their borders.


This field of study is very important for the development of humanity, as it covers several areas that are directly related to society and the changes it undergoes over the years.

With this science we know what elements make up the surface of the Earth and how humans relate to them from a collective point of view.

The layers of the Earth are also studied under this discipline. From childhood they teach us that the atmosphere, geosphere, hydrosphere, biosphere and anthroposphere, are the different layers of the planet, and they tell us which elements are in each one of them.

On the other hand, non-natural factors, such as the economic and cultural are also studied and determine how it affects the natural life of the world. For example, the performance of industries and their relationship with climate change; the migration and its effects on societies, etc.

Finally, another relevant aspect is that geography studies all cultures and their geographical distribution, as well as their effect.

Types of Geography

General geography is the top category in this discipline. It is one of the forms of study in the early stages of academic training, since it studies, from the most basic, such as natural phenomena and the distribution of territorial surface , to more complex subjects. It is divided into two subcategories: physical geography and human geography.

The physical geography includes the study of the physical space of the surface and the elements that are on it. On the other hand, human geography has to do with society and how it relates to physical space. The latter also has a subdivision: cultural and urban geography.

Examples of geography

It is somewhat difficult to present an example of geography as such, but we will mention some of the topics that this science investigates.

  • Analyze the space.
  • Study the Earth as a whole, and the changes produced.
  • Study the regions and their landscapes.
  • Relationship between urban planning and citizens.
  • Determine what the customs of a people are and how they are part of their identity.
  • Analyze the distribution of hydrological resources.
  • Study changes in climate, natural phenomena such as the explosion of volcanoes and the formation of hurricanes.

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