Fermentation is a natural process of decomposition that occurs in certain elements. This takes place due to the action of certain factors that generate an incomplete oxidation process .
It can also be defined as an anaerobic process that occurs in catabolism and that gives rise to a new compound, it should be noted that in this process there is no oxygen . This process was discovered by Louis Pasteur who was a French chemist who lived between 1822 and 1895.
Fermentation is carried out mainly by a type of bacteria and other organisms for which they must be out of contact with the air, this is the reason why it is said to be an incomplete oxidation process. In this process, these bacteria feed on other natural compounds which allow them to multiply and expand so that the compound where they were initially changes, for example when said compounds are yeasts, the product of this process is bread and for this it is required of elements such as sugar and glucose, these elements are the food of the bacteria which allows them to ferment.
During fermentation, the compound manages to obtain a certain degree of energy and this is achieved without the need for oxygen. As we mentioned before, one of the compounds that comes into play most of the time is yeast, which in turn is the composition of a certain type of single-celled fungi which have the ability to break down other elements such as carbohydrates. , sugars and other elements.
Types of fermentation
There are the following types of fermentation:
- alcoholic fermentation
- ferrolaic pcb
- Elaboration of yourgt
- Cheese making
- Soy sauce
- Bread making
- Pineapple-based girl
- Cassava fermentation. With it fermented pasta, alcoholic beverages and flours are extracted.