Zoonosis can be classified into very specific types that can be viral, fungal and bacterial. At present many diseases are known that are transmitted from animals to people, insects are also included and an example of zoonosis in this case can be yellow fever which is caused from the bite of a mosquito which transmits the virus through its bite. Other known cases are bird flu or swine flu. Prevention, control and eradication programs exist throughout the world to reduce the cases of zoonoses.
Currently 200 different diseases are known caused by Zoonosis , however, experts in the field indicate that the number may increase in relation to the figures of international trips made by tourists. Another factor is globalization and the destruction of wild animal habitat by man.
Examples of zoonoses
- Bird flu.
- Q fever.
- Lassa fever.
- Yellow fever
- Nile fever
- Bubonic plague
- Cat-scratch disease
- Sapcoptic scabies
Types of zoonoses
- That transmitted by contact with feces: the diseases and bacteria that can be transmitted are toxoplasma gondii, parasites such as roundworms, giardia sp, tapeworms, Campylobacter jejuni , as well as many other types of Salmonella species.
- Those transmitted by bites: among them we can find rabies, tetanus, among many others.
- Those transmitted by respiratory route: psittacosis and those transmitted by various species of curved-billed birds.
- Those transmitted through the skin: we can find diseases such as fungi or dermatophytosis of various forms and ectoparasites such as lice or fleas.
In this sense, it is important to highlight the great importance (worth the redundancy) of veterinary medical controls as well as personal medical controls, since this allows to control and prevent the various diseases that may be caused by pets or animals of another nature.