Xenophobia can be defined as an ideology based on the rejection of people who belong to cultures and countries different from one’s own, it is suspicion and hatred towards everything that comes from abroad. This type of behavior is full of prejudices and can even become a phobia towards ethnic groups from other countries, it is in short a rejection of customs, socio-economic and political conditions that are unknown or about which there is little information.
Xenophobia is present in many parts of the world and although campaigns are promoted to eradicate this behavior, it is still present in many societies; sometimes it may decrease but events occur that indicate that it is still present.
This type of thinking is usually passed from generation to generation, although currently measures have been taken to promote tolerance especially in children since it is at an early age when this type of rejection can best be avoided.
Examples of xenophobia
- The Ku Klux Klan.
- The Skinheads.
- The rejection of homosexuals in Arab countries.
- The rejection in the United States against Mexican migrants.
- Arab citizens in Spain.
- The Apartheid.
- Segregation on Hispaniola Island
- Arab-Palestinian Conflict
- Discrimination at the border by Americans against Mexicans.
- Discrimination of the Spanish against the Maghreb
- Discrimination of Venezuelan migrants by countries such as Peru, Chile, Ecuador.
- Conflict between Payos and gypsies
- Latin Americans in Mexico
- Conflict between North Korea and South Korea
- Latin Americans in Argentina.
- Venezuelans in Peru.
- People belonging to indigenous tribes in Europe.
- Rejection of the Dominicans towards the Haitians.
- United States against Latinos.
Xenophobia may occur in countries where ethnic and cultural diversity is highly varied, which is contradictory. An important fact is that it usually occurs between people who have an inordinate love and appreciation for their country, which is why they reject any type of foreign ideology.
This behavior can lead to extreme attitudes such as attacks and acts of violence. It is necessary to mention that it differs from racism by the fact that there can be acceptance provided that individuals adapt to the culture of the country in which they are, although in turn there will often be a certain prejudice depending on the economic level of the foreign person already that for many it could represent a competition.