The toxic waste or hazardous waste is one that has one or more variations that make it a dangerous object to the health of humans and the environment. These wastes can present explosive, flammable, corrosive, infectious, carcinogenic or oxygen-releasing alterations that would facilitate the combustion process of other substances.
Examples of Toxic Waste
These liquid, solid or gaseous wastes present toxic or risky transformations that they did not exhibit as the original product. Taking into account the damage that can be caused to nature or human life, we have:
- Biological waste: It consists of all the material used in health centers, including gloves, gowns, syringes, gauze. All that material that is used and recycled becomes a source of danger to human life.
- Agricultural material: Equivalent to all products used in the growth or strengthening of crops or cattle raising. They are usually materials with high chemical contents such as nitrogen and sulfur.
- Crystals or glass objects: If it is improperly disposed of in a place not established for it, it can generate the start of large fires.
- Industrial waste: Industrial activity represents the main producer of toxic waste worldwide.
- Industrial waters: Unlike the previous point, this represents the liquid with chemical or contaminated substance that flows into lakes and seas.
- Military waste: It is made up of armaments, chemical weapons, explosives, war material, among others.
- Nuclear plant residues: They constitute radioactive materials such as plutonium. These substances are highly carcinogenic so special care and materials are needed to dispose of them.
- Batteries and batteries: These objects are made up of acidic and metallic substances that contribute to soil, water and air pollution.
- Combustion waste: The fuel that we usually use for our vehicles and is released into the environment is usually a toxic element for human life and the environment.
- Oil industry waste: Due to the misuse of waste left by oil work, great damage to the ecosystem and the mobility of marine species are known worldwide.
- Residues from mining activity: The use of substances for the extraction of gold, especially illegally, constitutes a source of poisoning or intoxication to the human species. All the material used for this type of work ends up in seas, lakes and rivers.
- Paper industry: They are waste liberators that contain heavy and flammable metals.
- Cosmetics and cleaning products industries: Most of these are paint residues for the production of these products that contain heavy metals.
- Urban wastewater: The decomposing organic matter found in city sewers is the main source of diseases and viruses for humans and animals.
- Mechanical workshops: The use or implement of oils, batteries, greases, and other flammable elements within this type of work represent dangerous and toxic factors of environmental contamination.
- Waste from metallurgical industries: Waste such as iron filings or other metals with reactive components that form salts and acids.
- Asphyxiating gases: There are some gases from industries that, although they are not toxic, in excess or poorly disposed of can be suffocating for animals and people.
- Industrial toxic gases: Components such as cyanide, chlorine, arsenic among others, represent harmful elements for the ozone layer.
- Waste from the energy industry: Such as the oils used for the use or maintenance of electricity poles or transformers.
- Paint residues: Due to their hydrocarbon composition, the misuse of these toxic substances can cause explosions or fires.