Likewise, social rights arise from the need to provide support and protection in social and political matters to vulnerable groups, that is, women, children, indigenous people, Afro-descendants, people with disabilities and minority groups, in order to prevent or intervene in cases of discrimination, exclusion, exploitation or inequality.
Where do social rights come from?
When the first civilizations emerged, legal texts were written that granted the person certain rights, however, it was in the French Revolution when rights and obligations were assigned to people.
After the First World War, again the issue of social rights is in the forefront and they reach a consensus on the importance of these, their scope and the impact on societies, that is why in 1948 Social, Economic and Cultural Rights were included in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.
10 examples of social law
Final declaration, containing social rights and approved in Paris in 1948, is composed of 30 articles, there they describe the principles and guarantees that correspond to any citizen regardless of their origin, nationality, region, gender, sexual orientation, age. , political ideology, among others. The main social rights are:
- Right to a job: We all have the right to a decent job, of free choice, with equitable salary conditions and remuneration , as well as protection against unemployment. This right is not only embedded in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, but also in various international covenants and treaties and in the constitutions of many countries.
- Right to a salary: The worker is entitled to receive a decent salary according to their productive tasks and time invested in it.
- Right to social protection: Social protection cases are generally linked to needs in terms of retirement, unemployment, social security, maternity or paternity leave, illness or accidents at work. The authors in charge must intervene publicly to evaluate the material and moral consequences to which a citizen is being subjected, in order to provide justice, welfare and social order.
- Right to a home: The Declaration also subscribes to the right awarded to have a structurally decent home, which not only contains four walls and a roof, but is also a comfortable and safe space to live fully with our families.
- Right to education: Education is a premise for the formation of integral citizens , who, in addition to responding in work environments, are also capable of assisting in citizen processes, essential for healthy coexistence among all. Education is based on the construction of knowledge, knowledge, values, habits and principles, many taught at home and reinforced at home. Despite the existence of this universal right, in many countries women are still prohibited from studying and becoming professionals. In 2014, a young Pakistani woman, Malala Yousafzai, won the Nobel Peace Prize for defending the right to education for girls, as she tried to do so in her native country and was targeted by radical groups.
- Right to health: Regardless of color, nationality or social status, health care or access to public health is a right for everyone because it is life itself that is at stake and social rights seek to preserve life . By 2015, 24 countries had developed public policies to provide universal healthcare. A curious fact is that in the Asian and African continents there are no such measures, only Thailand, Botswana and Japan had taken measures regarding the case.
- Right to a healthy environment: Public authorities are obliged to ensure the efficient use of natural resources in order to provide their citizens with a healthy environment where they are capable of living and developing.
- Right to access to culture: The right to access to culture is not only about knowing the cultural and patrimonial heritage of a state or nation, it also refers to those external factors that affect cultural affairs and processes, connoisseurs are completely free to carry out studies and research so that justice can intervene and guarantee the value and cultural rights.
- Right to public life: Social relationships are also immersed in social rights, we are free to interact with others, understand behaviors and be part of organizations, movements, structures or social systems where we feel comfortable with ourselves and with the rest.
- Right to food and food sovereignty: Receiving a good diet is also everyone’s right, there are currently more than 50 million children with malnutrition problems and dozens die annually from this problem. To combat this dilemma, institutions such as the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), promote food sovereignty, this is the capacity that nations have to establish their agricultural and food policies, in order to obtain sustainable development and security food.