What is a play?
In this sense, the theatrical work is characterized by using as a resource to express realities, the scenography, environment, lighting, makeup and costumes. Sometimes it also relies on music and dance, either to set the scene or because the work is a musical. For their part, the actors and interpreters who give life to the theatrical text, must work from gestures and movement. The task of the actors is to represent the character or characters present in the story, they must be as similar and faithful as possible to the description in the script of the play.
On the other hand, for the execution and assembly of a play already written, the preparation is necessary . It mainly requires the script of the play , a producer and a director. The producer is largely responsible for all the details and requirements for the assembly of the work, designates tasks and responsibilities. For his part, the director is dedicated to the selection of interpreters, prepares, guides and directs them in terms of movements and gestures. In addition to this, the director tries that the work comes out as close as possible to the text and the written script.
Finally, when the staging of the theatrical work is ready, it is presented to the public, who would be the spectators. The theater is a common leisure activity, where various cultural expressions are manifested that the public can enjoy. Without the audience, the play could not be presented or fulfill its objective, which is to convey the story of the script.
Elements of a play
Every play has a series of elements, which are the following:
- Characters: They are characterized by being the ones who narrate the story, be it under a leading, antagonistic or circumstantial role. They are called actors or interpreters to those who bring the character to life in the theater.
- Setting: Its function focuses on setting the space in which the characters are located. The setting is created and organized as required in the story, as it puts the viewer in context. Similarly, this can be real and tangible or imaginary, given by the actions of the character.
- Objects: They are part of the setting of the scene, it focuses on giving weight to the action exerted by the character. Like the scenario, it can be real or imaginary, for example, a pistol played by the index finger and thumb.
- Music: Like the scenery and the object, music is used in the play to set the scene. They are generally sounds that give weight to the scene, for example, in an armed combat the sound of gunfire. This element is not essential for the work.
- Public: The theatrical manifestation requires an audience to be presented. This element is necessary because they contribute to the fulfillment of the objective and function of the play. History and what is expressed requires individuals to act as spectators to it.
Examples of plays
- Romeo and Juliet by William Shakespeare.
- Hamlet by William Shakespeare.
- The Phantom of the Opera by Gaston Leroux.
- The wretches of Victor Hugo.
- Agatha Christie’s Mousetrap.