In this sense, the theatrical script has the function of guiding both the director and the actors in their interpretation and development in the play. Its composition is structured in a detailed way, includes a description of the environment, sounds, costumes and makeup. This helps the entire core and assistant team have a clear vision of what is required to stage and weight the text in the script. For this reason, it is the responsibility of the entire team to read and discuss the theater script.
Likewise, it is necessary to mention that the script is divided into three parts that fulfill specific functions that trap and involve the viewer in the story. Usually this division is internal, that is, only the production team is aware of it, for the viewers it is something continuous. The first part is called the beginning or beginning, it introduces the audience to the story. The second part, the knot, is where the characters find themselves in conflict. The last and third part, called the denouement, focuses on the solution of the knot and the end of the work.
Characteristics of a theatrical script
- Dialogues: To be considered a script for a play, the presence of dialogues is necessary . These determine how, where and when the interpreter speaks and expresses himself according to the character he gives life to.
- Description of environment and scenography: It is essential to guide the scenography, wardrobe, makeup and lighting team. The script should specify as clearly and descriptively as possible these elements that set the scene.
- Structure: A theater script is mainly characterized when it is divided into beginning, middle and end. This structure works as a support for the director to highlight and highlight important and indispensable aspects to keep the audience entertained.
- Specific scripts: The script for the play should also be structured according to area, task, or responsibility. This type of scripts that accompany the main one have the function of expressing specific instructions for each member of the production team of the work.
Types of scripts in the play
- Actor script: It is the one that guides the acting interpreter in his entrances and exits from the scene. The act script contains the dialogues and positions of the character on stage.
- Stage director technical script: In it, the dialogues and actions of the characters are reflected along with the director’s annotations to organize the scene.
- Lighting script: This specifies the place and time in which a certain light is located, in addition, it details the movements or changes in lighting.
- Tramoya script: The tramoya is in charge of mobilizing the scenography or decoration on stage. Therefore, this type of script tells you when an element enters and enters the scene.
- Costume and makeup script: This expresses the appearance that the character must wear in each scene in terms of clothing, hairstyle and makeup.
- Props and scenery script: It marks the moment in which the scenery and props should enter or leave the scene.
- Technical script: This type of script in the play encompasses everything from a production vision. Indicates the guidelines the entire team works on, their roles and responsibilities. Likewise, what is required for the assembly and the total budget.
Script elements in the play
- Parliaments: They are the expressions carried out by the characters and the words that they exchange between them through the dialogues. Among the parliaments are also the monologues .
- Act: They are constituted from several scenes that form the parts of the work.
- Scene: This is the name given to the element in which the characters manifest themselves with their actions and dialogues.
- Painting: The series of scenes in an act in which the same environment, scenery and decoration is found is called a painting.
Examples of plays in scripts
- The House of Bernarda de Alba by Federico García de Lorca
- A Midsummer Night’s Dream by William Shakespeare
- Romeo and Juliet by William Shakespeare
- The dog in the Manger of Lope de Vega
- Life is a dream by Pedro Calderón de la Barca