10 Examples of Physical Properties

Color, density, size, or smell are some examples of physical properties of matter. 

According to the definition, the physical properties of matter are a set of aspects, qualities or characteristics that determine a body or substance 

In turn, they describe the visible and tangible aspects of a matter, being unique and / or typical of an object, substance or body. 

Examples of physical properties of matter

1. Weight 

One of the properties that determines the characteristics of a body is weight , a useful measure to identify the force of gravity exerted on a matter. 

For its part, this unit of measurement is expressed in various parameters such as Kiloponds, Newton and Kilogram-Force. 

In turn, according to the formulation, the weight is equivalent to the gravitational force that an action exerts within the body or matter at a point of support on the mass. 

Therefore, this parameter comes in function of three fundamental aspects: module, direction and sense on a central axis of gravity. 

However, weight is often confused with mass , and it is totally wrong, since the former is responsible for studying the force exerted on the support of the body. 

2. Mass

It is one of the general properties of bodies and this is due to the inertia or mobile resistance of an object or matter. 

Starting from another concept, it is the physical property of a body that comes into contact with a certain force through acceleration. 

It should be noted that mass is expressed in milligrams , grams or kilograms and is only measured in objects or solid bodies. 

As for the types of mass, there are active and passive gravitational, inertial, space, time and quantum. 

3. Temperature

For its part, temperature is a physical property of a matter that determines the thermodynamic equilibrium of bodies. 

In turn, it is expressed in Centigrade ( Celsius ), Kelvin , Fahrenheit , Newton or Leiden , just to name a few examples. 

Meanwhile, the elements involved in question with the thermal gradient are gases, liquids or solids of the bodies. 

Likewise, it quantitatively expresses the relationship between the extremes of thermodynamics , that is, cold or heat, regardless of nature. 

With regard to the sciences that apply this parameter, there are several scientific branches such as meteorology, physics, chemistry, medicine, engineering, among others. 

4. Solubility

It is one of the physical characteristics of a matter, where it becomes another thanks to the direct action of a central substance. 

For example, sea salt dissolves in water (core substance) and becomes another so-called ‘ solvent’ . 

Likewise, it occurs with other substances of greater mass and weight, which dissolve in another component by means of a central force. 

Therefore, some physical compounds are called water-soluble (dissolved in water) or fat-soluble (in fat). 

5. Conductivity

It is the ability of a matter to transport and transform an external stimulus into a source of energy 

Therefore, a matter can generate electrical energy depending on its atomic, molecular and general structure. 

An example of conductive materials or elements is graphite, bronze, gold, nickel, copper and aluminum. 

6. Ductility

Examples of physical properties of matter include ductility , a quality or property that exerts an external force on an object, changing the configuration. 

Although the external configuration can be altered, the atomic and molecular integrity of the object in question remains intact. 

For example, steel can be processed and even if it is deformed, the strength capacity is maintained. 

7. Fragility

It is the physical quality of a material to split or divide into pieces, having a vulnerable aspect on an object through the application of a force. 

Therefore, the object under the influence of an impact or force is vulnerable, creating a drastic change in the structure of a body. 

An example of fragility is when we apply a velocity force on a glass object and it breaks at a certain height. 

8. Elasticity

It is the property of a matter to alter its shape and revert to its original state. 

For example, the elastic band can change its structure through the application of a stimulus and when this action ceases, the object returns to its natural state. 

9. Melting point

This physical capacity includes the transformation exerted on a body through temperature, that is, a solid object becomes a liquid substance. 

Therefore, for this process to take place, the pressure must exist under the influence of a point or equilibrium.

10. Boiling point

On the other hand, the boiling point is the action that temperature exerts on a liquid substance and the passage towards a gaseous component. 

Likewise, the boiling point is directly proportional to the vapor of a liquid, which is transformed under the external pressure exerted. 

An example of this physical property is when a container of water is heated under the direct action of fire; over time, the liquid turns into vapor.

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