Examples of Physical Disability

The physical impairment is a condition that prevents or hinders free movement, physical performance and / or displacement of persons. In some cases it is related to problems or absence of the upper or lower extremities . Also due to problems in the back muscles, the bone structure of the spine or hips, that is, any component of our locomotor system.

This type of disability can cause serious limitations in the people who present it, changing their life drastically (in the case of physical disability due to accidents) or leading a routine very different from that of others, which does not imply, in some cases, responsibilities in a job, academic training, etc.

However, not all people with physical disabilities have barriers when doing activities that we consider ‘normal’, especially if they maintain a fighting attitude and aptitude.

Causes of physical disability

  • Acquired. Due to illness or accidents.
  • Genetics. Hereditary conditions or diseases from parents to children.
  • Congenital. Due to malformations during pregnancy or hereditary diseases.
  • Temporary Due to accidents and that can be corrected with therapies, for example.

Types of physical disability

  • Motor with or without brain damage.
  • Motor disability of the lower extremities.
  • Motor disability of the upper extremities, trunk, neck and face.
  • Other

15 examples of physical disability

  • Amputation. It refers to the loss of any of the limbs or parts of the body that can cause some type of physical disability and change the way the person performs body movements.
  • Myopathies It is the progressive weakening of muscle tissue and therefore strength and motor capacity.
  • Scoliosis. It is when the spine curves, affecting movement or causing ailments that promote a sedentary lifestyle.
  • Multiple deficiencies. One of the symptoms of this disease is poor ability to move or move. It occurs in childhood.
  • Sequelae due to hospitalization . A side effect from medical treatment that required hospitalization. Temporarily people decrease their motor skills.
  • Acquired Brain Injury (ACD) . It is an injury that occurs without apparent cause. It appears unexpectedly, one of the consequences being a motor deficiency.
  • Muscular dystrophy . There are several types of dystrophy that cause the muscles to weaken, causing the loss of tissue and thus making movement difficult.
  • Multiple sclerosis . The spinal cord has a layer of myelin that can be damaged. And one of the symptoms is the imbalance of the motor system, which causes a lack of control.
  • Spina Bifida . Damage that exists if the neural tube and spinal column do not close completely in the fetus at the time of gestation, with serious consequences on the nerves and spinal cord.
  • Hemiplegia. The nervous system undergoes an alteration due to cerebrovascular accidents or head trauma, which paralyzes the part opposite or lateral to the altered one.
  • Monoplegia. Paralysis of a single limb due to damage to the nerves in that part of the body.
  • Cerebral palsy . It occurs during pregnancy due to various conditions, where the fetus can be seriously affected, presenting at birth and during its development: rigidity, slow movements, seizures, generalized paralysis, among others.
  • Paraplegia. Damage to the spinal cord that affects the legs and feet. People are unable to walk or perform movements with these limbs, and sometimes there is no stimulation in their genital area.
  • Tetraplegia As in paraplegia, it is the total or partial loss of movement in the lower extremities, but also in the upper ones. Including other problems at the cranial level, sometimes causing it to be necessary to artificially assist the affected person’s breathing.
  • Parkinson’s disease . This condition arises from the death of cells in the brain responsible for controlled movement. It causes uncontrollable shaking and makes it difficult to move agilely.

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