It is a chemical element called oxide that has a large amount of oxygen, more than the rest of the chemical components. In other words, a peroxide is an oxide that contains a higher level of oxygen than ordinary oxides.
Its structure can be described in its conformation by a covalent bond between one oxygen and another. In this sense, oxygen is presented as a peroxide and has an oxidation level that is equivalent to -1.
Combinations of a peroxide with flammable substances have the ability to generate explosions or start fires. That is why working with this chemical component in laboratories is extremely careful due to the risks of inflammation it poses.
One of the advantages of this component is the permissiveness of creating various products that have the ability to disinfect, they can be used as a dye, fuel, among other products that are commonly used daily in both the industrial and domestic areas.
In the case of being used as a disinfectant (hydrogen peroxide) , it is an excellent ally when cleaning wounds thanks to its oxidizing action, this helps to fight both microbes and bacteria.
This chemical component, as well as having benefits, can also generate side effects or harmful to health, namely:
- Exposure to this component in high concentrations can cause serious damage to the dermis, irritating the skin and eyes of the person exposed. Similarly, it can cause damage to the intestines and the inside of the mouth.
- The consumption of this chemical component in high amounts is a cause of death.
- Despite not being fully recognized, some studies claim that this component may be the cause of the activation of some cancer cells.
Examples of peroxide
- Sodium peroxide
- Benzoyl peroxide
- Manganese peroxide
- Acetone peroxide
- Cuprous peroxide
- Cupric peroxide
- Uranium peroxide
- Silver peroxide
- Lithic peroxide
- Caesic peroxide
- Hydrogen peroxide