The delusions of a persecution are usually typical attitudes of paranoia, since, when recognizing all kinds of indications in the details that are present in our environment, it is concluded that there is someone who observes them directly, hiding his trail well.
It is important to consider that the term paranoia despite the fact that the use of the term “paranoia” is relatively lax and refers to a type of thought and behavior, in practice it is usually pointed to delusional disorder, paranoid psychosis, a form of alteration that is linked to the group of disorders close to schizophrenia.
Characteristics of paranoia
Hostility, persecution mania and defensive attitude : people who present a paranoid attitude constantly observe reasons for not trusting almost anyone, since according to their perspective anyone could be spying on them. This as a result makes it difficult to care for these people in the clinical area in the most serious cases.
Cognitive rigidity: one of the main differences between paranoia and other mental disorders that are not related to disorders is that the former is based on an evident cognitive rigidity, or inability to self-correct.
In case the predictions based on delusions do not happen, simply look for another explanation that does not go against the main idea that makes up the paranoia.
Adoption of protection routines: this does not occur in all cases of paranoia, it is usual that the person tends to opt for characteristic habits and routines with the objective of defending against external threats. A clear example of this is when people decide to wrap their heads in aluminum foil because they believe that their thoughts can be read or stolen by someone.
Examples of possible causes of paranoia
It is one of the many symptoms that are linked to psychosis , but this fact, by itself, does not say enough about its causes. Actually, as a symptom, paranoia can arise due to different types of mental disorder or due to purely neurological problems. There are different theories that try to account for why these thought patterns arise.
Due to disorder and complications of the clinical type: usually our ability to think and create abstract concepts is our best quality, it makes us intelligent beings, highly trained for any challenge. The flexibility of our cognition helps us find innovative solutions no matter how changing the environment.
In order to face variable and to some extent unforeseen situations, we automatically use one of the capacities in which we are most adept due to our developed brain: the ability to recognize patterns and regularities in all kinds of stimuli. Thanks to this ability we put in order in what would otherwise be a chaos of memories and perceptions.
In addition to this, this reorganization of information is carried out both in the most precise aspects of perception as well as in the most abstract concepts, the ideas through which we interpret reality through what is known as cognitive schemes. For example, it is a very simple, even automatic, to recognize musicality patterns in certain sounds, or to detect faces where there are only spots, but it is also common to recognize intentions in the actions of others.
Paranoia is what arises when this ability that we show at the moment of recognizing ideas and underlying perceptions that backbone towards all the others becomes something pathological, a clear sign that we impose a very forced story to justify reality, instead of understanding and assume that we cannot predict everything and limit ourselves to experimenting with our own experiences, assuming that there will always be unknowns to solve.
Appearance by learning and contingency: the influence of environmental and social behavior can help a person show patterns of paranoia without becoming part of very serious clinical cases. In the case of various conspiracy theories, they can be understood as explanatory schemes that tend to resist all kinds of evidence to the contrary and that, on the other hand, are based on an entity (physical or organizational), which has its own political interests and economic, as well as the ability to manipulate as they wish what happens on the planet.
In this way, indoctrination and integration into some social groups, by themselves, can get people used to thinking through paranoia or something very close to it.