In opera poetry , acting, ballet, dance , decoration, plastic arts, lighting, makeup, costumes and of course, most importantly, the music created by a conductor, an orchestra and soloists must be brought together.
What differentiates from opera to musical theater is that the former is fully represented with music, there is no spoken dialogue at any time. The actors have a powerful voice and make use of it throughout the play.
Examples of Opera
- La traviata: based on the novel Las Damas de las Camelias. It tells the story of a courtesan of Parisian origin named Alphonsine Plessis.
- Tosca : It is based on La Tosca by Victorien Sardou. It is a story based on the city of Rome in the 1800s when Bonaparte defeated the Austrians at the Battle of Marengo.
- The Barber of Seville: This is a presentation based on the 1775 comedy that bears the same name. It is one of the most famous and fun two-act operas of all time that tells the story of a couple in love.
- Rigoletto: it is a work based on “Le Rois’amuse” by Victor Hugo. In it love, pain, passion, deception and revenge are exposed in 14th century Italy.
- Don pasquele: this opera is based on another opera called “Ser Marco Antonio”. It is a three-act play by Gaetano Donizetti.
- Don Carlos: a five-act play accompanied by music by Giuseppe Verdi. It is based on the drama Domkarlos.
- The Magic Flute: This is a two-act play. The music is set by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart and the German bookcase is by Emanuel Schikaneder.
- La boheme: tells the story of a music student at a conservatory in Millán.
- Paggliacci – is about the tragedy of a jealous husband.
- The bat: based on the French libretto called La Revelión. It is a comic operetta made up of three acts.
- Carmen: based on a novel that bears the same name by the author Prosper Mérimée. It tells the story of a gypsy woman from the 1800s who seduces a soldier and is blinded by jealousy and murders his beloved.
- The Marriage of Figaro: it is a comedy opera and is considered one of the most important in music.
- Madame Butterfly: It is based on the story Madame Butterfly by John Luther Long and the novel Madame Chrysantheme by Pierre Loti. It has music by Giaccomo Puccini and a libretto by Giuseppe Giacosa and Luigi Illica.
- The Daughter of the Regiment: This is a two-act comic opera, accompanied by music by Gaetano Donizetti and a libretto made in French by Jean François Bayard and JH Vernoy de Saint-Georges.
- Tosca: This is a work that contains beautiful arias as well as dramatic intensity.
- Otello: This is a timeless play of betrayal, love and jealousy created by Shakespeare.
- The Valkyrie: inspired by Norse mythology.
- Salome: known for talking about the dance of the seven veils where Salome is shown declaring her love for the severed head of John the Baptist.
- Ahida: a four-act work featuring the music of Giuseppe Verdi and a libretto by Antonio Ghislanzoni. It was based on “Camille du Locle.”
- Nabuco: This is a lyrical tragedy based on the Old Testament and the work of Nabuchodonosor by Francis Cornue and Anicète Bourgeois.
There are many genres of opera. We name a few below.
- Savoy Opera . It is a style of comic opera that appeared in the late 19th century and was developed in England. Examples: ” HMS Pinafore,” released in English and released in 1878, and ” The Pirates of Penzance,” also in English, released a year later.
- Opera ballet . It is based on the court ballet practiced in France in the 18th century. Example: ” Les Indes Galantes “, made in French and presented in 1735.
- Grand opera . It is characterized by historical themes, many characters, a giant orchestra, ostentatious costumes and spectacular settings. Everything is done big. At least one ballet is included. It appeared between the 20s and 30s of the 19th century. Examples: ” Aida “, written by Verdi in Italian and ” Don Carlo “, by the same composer and also in Italian.
- Tragédie en musique. It was used in the 17th and 18th centuries and was represented mainly by the Royal Academy of Music in Paris, which is why it has that name. Examples: ” Isis “, a lyrical tragedy in French that premiered in 1677 and ” Armida “, also in French, composed by Jean-Baptiste Lully and premiered in 1686.