The occupational therapy is that discipline that uses the activities of daily living in treating health of people with certain limitations, to help them be independent and exploit their potential.
Characteristics of occupational therapies
It is essential within the rehabilitation . With this, people with disabilities can adapt to their new normal and overcome limitations.
This type of therapy takes into account various aspects: physical, cognitive, emotional and behavioral , all in order to be able to provide real help to people with difficulties.
These are the main characteristics of occupational therapies:
- Its application has a specific objective.
- It has or should have a useful meaning for the patient.
- Improve functions and skills.
- It increases the quality of life of the patient or user.
- It stimulates the participation of the user in the activities of daily life.
- It is determined by the professional judgment of the therapist. He is the one who will be based on his knowledge of the pathology in question, the specific characteristics, the interpersonal relationships and the specific value of the activity to determine how to develop the therapy.
Importance of occupational therapy
The objective of this therapy is to achieve maximum functionality in people who have difficulties in performing their daily activities , either due to some physical, cognitive , behavioral limitation or a mixture of them.
Occupational therapy can help treat brain and spinal cord injuries and diseases, as well as rehabilitation after fractures.
With these therapies you can get:
- Control and reduce a pathology.
- Rehabilitate or reinforce a functional capacity.
- Provide tools that facilitate the learning of fundamental skills and functions for adaptation to the physical and social environment.
- Improve development capacity in the work environment.
- Promote and maintain health.
Examples of occupational therapy
These are some common exercises within occupational therapy, especially related to hand problems:
- Wrist extension and flexion.
- Thumb extension and flexion.
- Inner arm stretch.
- Wrist stretch.
- Simple therapy exercises for hands, just simple movements or performing simple tasks such as holding a common object at home.
- Stack coins.
- Open clothespins with each pair of fingers.
- Table games.
- Make a puzzle.
- Play the piano, real or through a virtual application.
- Palm up and down, turning it over with your good hand.
- Movement of the curve of the wrist.
- Lateral wrist movement.
- Place the affected hand on a table palm down and use the other hand to bend the wrist from side to side.
- Wrist flexion
- Grab and release in other positions.
- Spin a pen
- Drop coins in a row from the hand.
- Finger flexion
- Exercises for hands with therapeutic balls
- Squeeze balls hard
- Roll on table
Occupational therapy in children:
- Learn to dress using songs.
- Write and draw.
- Throwing and catching balls.
- Organize the table or study place.
- React to sensory stimuli, such as smells, tastes, colors, etc.
- Run obstacle courses.
- Recognize some patterns in everyday objects.