When we talk about occupational diseases, we refer to those types of diseases that are contracted in the workplace . This type of disease is classified as such by international law and widely or strictly used in all countries of the world.
There are countries where this type of disease is classified in a list established by the national government through the competent body and the laws that are relevant to the case . In this sense, many of these diseases (depending on the country and its laws) are demandable from the employer for compensation.
For an illness suffered by the worker, in a certain center and job position, to be considered professional or work-related, it must comply with a series of guidelines or essential requirements, of which we can mention the following:
- An agent of causal origin must be present , which may be of chemical, physical, biological origin, among others.
- There must be an exposure of the worker to the element or space causing the disease. These can be measured qualitatively or quantitatively.
- The presence of the disease in the worker is essential . This must be palpable and demonstrable through examinations and evaluations both in the workplace and by external evaluations.
- There must be a direct and specific, determinable and quantifiable relationship between the job and the illness suffered by the worker.
- The disease may or may not generate a disability in the worker. In this sense, it is not essential that the disability occurs.
- The most important thing is, take into account that this disease must be duly registered in the list of occupational diseases established by the national government through the laws and competent bodies.
Examples of occupational diseases
- Voice diseases
- Diseases caused by exposure to chemical agents
- Heat stress
- Work stress
- Respiratory diseases
- Infectious diseases
- Dermatitis and allergies
- Cancer of occupational origin
- Hearing loss
- Musculoskeletal diseases
- Low back pain
- Carpal tunnel syndrome
- Allergic socket
- Visual fatigue
- Gastrointestinal complaints
- Skin lesions
- Back pain