The obstetrics and gynecology also called, is a branch and specialty of medicine that is responsible for the study and analysis of the female reproductive system . Who practices this profession, focuses mainly on the care and checkup of pregnancies. He watches over the good development of the fetus, in the same way that he monitors and guides the mother in prenatal and postnatal care. In addition, it is this specialist called an obstetrician, who receives the baby during delivery. In some cultures it is also called as a midwife or matron.
In this sense, the obstetrician also has the duty to prepare the mother in all aspects for the arrival of the baby. This involves and includes psychological and physical instruction, family responsibility is described and how the delivery will take place. Similarly, the obstetrician talks about family planning and how to take care of yourself to avoid pregnancy if you don’t want to. This specialty also covers hormonal problems or infertility or conception problems, establishes diagnosis and treatment for both.
Functions of an obstetrician
- Constant monitoring and control of the process and development of the fetus during pregnancy, usually every month.
- Employs care and measures to ensure a successful delivery in which both mother and baby are healthy.
- Evaluates and analyzes possible complications or diseases that may occur during the pregnancy of the fetus, these can affect both the mother and the baby.
- In case of risks or illnesses, the obstetrician is able to face and treat the difficulty.
- He prescribes medications that contribute to a better development of the fetus, in addition to improving his health and that of the mother.
- Supports and works with parents in family planning and conception treatments if required.
Obstetrics and gynecology
Obstetrics and gynecology are two specialties that are closely linked, sometimes it is observed that the same doctor uses both. However, the function, objective and purpose of both are different , they deal with particular aspects of women and their reproductive system. They coincide only in the work of guaranteeing the reproductive health of women and in presenting family planning programs.
However, while obstetrics is responsible for prenatal and postnatal care of the fetus and mother, gynecology encompasses another space. That is, it focuses mainly on the health of the uterus, ovaries and vagina. It deals with aspects associated with menstruation , contraception, menopause and sexually transmitted diseases. The gynecology specialist or also called gynecologist, has the ability to diagnose and treat any problem of the woman’s sexual organs.
Examples of subspecialties in obstetrics
- Maternal-fetal, focuses on the monitoring of high-risk pregnancies.
- Reproductive endocrinology, its function is to use treatments for infertility.
- Family planning, its function is to teach the types of contraceptive methods and how to terminate a pregnancy.
- Gynecological oncology, this subspecialty diagnoses and treats diseases such as cancer in the reproductive organs.