Nepotism is a series of actions that denote a clear preference towards a group of individuals far removed from others, leaving aside personal merit, ability and training. This term is widely used within the labor sector, politics , religion and other sectors in which public office is an important issue.
It generally occurs when a person chooses friends, acquaintances, relatives and other types of close associates to occupy a position without taking into account their abilities and knowledge, leaving aside other people who could be much more qualified to occupy it.
It is equally important to know how to differentiate nepotism from favoritism, being in the second case when there is no family or friendship bond with the person who chooses, in the first case it does exist, the term has its origin from the Latin «nepos» or «nepotis » Which means nephew or grandson and many scholars indicate that the term was used around the seventeenth century as certain popes became known for assigning important positions in the church to their relatives.
This action is currently socially rejected and is even classified as corruption, especially because it represents the opposite of what is known as meritocracy, in which it is based on merits that a person can hold public positions always within a hierarchy scale. .
When a person is chosen to carry out a position and has a certain link with the person who has chosen it, it can generate certain problems with those around him and especially in terms of his functions because he can perform poorly or not have the necessary qualities for the job. position that was hired while other applicants are better qualified.
Examples of nepotism
- In history, the case of Pisistratus who in Athens assigned important positions and honorary titles to his friends and family.
- The Popes who elected nephews to ecclesiastical offices in the Middle Ages and the Renaissance.
- The case of Napoleon Bonaparte when granting important positions to his friends and family in his empire, among the most remembered is that of José Bonaparte who became king of Spain.
- The former president of Paraguay Federico Franco who gave his relatives about 27 important positions and for which he is still being investigated today.
- Pope Callisto III named his sons and nephews cardinals and then one of them assumed the office of pontiff.
- When an individual hires another for a favor, generally that favor must be paid by another related to the position they obtained.
- In the institutional sphere, when a person hires family and friends and gives them positions of importance and relevance within the public administration.
- When favors are collected with raises or higher charges for “cronyism”
- When a mayor or governor appoints family members to occupy important positions within the administration.
- In Mexico, Josefina Vázquez Mota, known for being the leader of the PAN, placed her sister Margarita Silvia in a position of vital importance such as the Special Prosecutor’s Office for Crimes of Violence against Women. In this sense, he was awarded the position for being a relative, not for having the merits required for the position.