Social Sciences

Examples of laws

Laws

The laws of the Latin lex (legis) is a social or legal norm that is dictated by a legislator who in turn is defined by the world leader (according to the type of government, the president, the king, the emperor etc …) to exercise The authority.

The law is a rule that dictates what can or cannot be done. A law must be obeyed by all the persons specified within the said law, which in turn has jurisdiction.

When we speak of jurisdiction we refer to the territorial distance in which a law is valid; In the case of some laws, it has a local jurisdiction at the municipality or county level, others state and other federal, there may even be internal laws of organizations, for example of a company, a school where the laws affect only when you are within the territory of the school or institution with penalties that apply with respect to said institution.

In general, the legislator or a person designated by him is the one in charge of seeing that the law is complied with, is respected and in case of being violated, the person, company or institution that breached is duly punished, this is done according to the country, since jail, fines and even physical punishment can be used. Laws can be in force permanently or temporarily.

Examples of laws

  1. The dry law , which in some countries prohibits the sale of alcohol on certain dates, in the USA it was for several years.
  2. Laws on the carrying and use of weapons by civilians, in Mexico the possession and use of weapons only of certain calibers allowed by the army is prohibited.
  3. Anti-piracy laws, laws that criminalize piracy and use of products without payment of license and copyright.
  4. Laws of conduct , generally applied to businesses and schools, dictate acceptable behaviors for the people who use such facilities.
  5. Driving and traffic laws dictate how a person drives in different areas, they vary from country to country.
  6. Law of use, control and management of drugs or psychotropic substances or hallucinogens, which is responsible for regulating the use, consumption and management of this type of substances.
  7. Foreign exchange law that is in charge of controlling and managing everything related to the handling and exchange of currencies.
  8. Law against corruption ; It is in charge of determining what is considered as an act of corruption and what the penalties are according to the level of the act committed.
  9. Organic Labor Law , is the law that regulates everything related to work activities and those who are involved in it.
  10. Animal Protection Law,  regulates matters related to the protection of animals.
  11. Law against racism and xenophobia
  12. Law against abortion
  13. Agrarian law , in charge of the management and control of what is related to this area
  14. Immigration law . It is the regulation in charge of regulating and controlling everything related to migration processes.
  15. Law of boys, girls and adolescents. It is responsible for protecting the rights and establishing the duties of all minors.
  16. Penal Code
  17. Law against sexual crimes
  18. Administrative power law. It is in charge of regulating and controlling the various activities carried out within the public administration.
  19. Tax law . It is responsible for the management of taxes and tributes by the state to people, either natural or legal.
  20. Police law . Regulates the procedure and activities within this body.

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