Family and Relationships

Examples of Irony

Definition of irony

Irony is a term that derives from a Latin word that in turn derives from Greek, and is considered as mockery or disguised sincerity . This term consists of implying the opposite of what you really want to express through a certain intonation or body language .

A clear example of the use of irony in colloquial speech can be the following: A television program reports that a man was found dead with 3 shots to the head. A spectator comments that in his opinion it was a murder; In response to his statement, a person who was observing the news, given the obviousness of the statement of the first, expresses how intelligent! His capacity for deduction surprises me.

On certain occasions, irony as a rhetorical figure is a tool that allows an author to express by saying the opposite, in some cases it is often compared to cynicism . It is very helpful when making texts very suspicious or making them burlesque.

Among the most famous authors who have best known how to use this resource at the time of writing we can point to William Shakespeare and Francisco Quevedo.

Types of irony

Although, at this point it should be noted that there are many types of irony. Among the most prominent are:

  • Tragic irony : also called dramatic irony, it is typical of ancient tragedies and is present in almost most of the works of the Anglo-Saxon writer Shakespeare.

It is used to raise the intensity of delicate situations in works where the character’s words and actions are expressed in a way familiar to the reader that seem highly credible. Despite bringing with it a high content of drama that could be considered an absurd act in reality.

The objective of the ironic phrases, the author manages to get closer to the public and open their eyes to a series of life issues that from his perspective has gone unnoticed.

  • Cosmic irony: it is present in works of a burlesque nature, where the author expressed a critique of society with burlesque and buffoonish overtones. We usually find many examples of this use in the works of Quevedos.

In this case, irony is used to show an incongruity between the expectations that the reader usually has and what ultimately happens. They tend to establish very absurd plots or, in some cases, explain everyday situations in a convincing but at the same time bizarre way.

This allows you to understand that reality itself has been filled with unacceptable issues that pass as “normal” which allows you to reason and establish a change in the face of possible events that happen.

Characteristics of irony

  • In certain cases, it is usually exaggerated in one sense or something, to imply that the opposite happened: the less suspicion the exaggeration arouses for the listener, the listener will understand the opposite intention.
  • The irony allows the individual to have a certain humor and relaxation in the framework of their talks. In some cases it is used through satire .
  • Usually it is also said that something is an irony in case fate gets in the way of people’s lives, mostly in an adverse way or tragic inclusion, and the opposite of what is expected from logic happens.

Examples of irony

  1. I spent a beautiful afternoon, heartbroken alone in my room (with a friend, after a fight with the boyfriend).
  2. Thank goodness I followed your advice! (in the form of reproach, when something bad happens)
  3. I really value your comment (when someone says something that has nothing to do with what they are talking about).
  4. I was not expecting you to arrive so early (when someone is much later than expected).
  5. This party was very good (after a party that almost no one attended).
  6. Didn’t you want to come?
  7. Ah but I thought you didn’t like that girl.
  8. And that rarity? I thought you didn’t like eating that.
  9. But how wonderful that you brought something to the party tonight.

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