Examples of hypotheses

When an investigation is carried out, the normal thing is to collect a lot of data to which we must then give an order and a structure, that is, turn it into information. Then, with that information, theories or hypotheses are established that may have demonstrative, descriptive or other purposes.

The hypothesis is then an assumption of something that has happened or is about to happen, that it may be possible or that it is impossible , but that tries to make sense of the information gathered from a scientific investigation. The hypothesis is a term widely used in the scientific method , since it is part of the research process that will later be demonstrated in some way.

It is very important to have one or more hypotheses during an investigative work, since the next steps to be followed will be based on them, such as laboratory experiments and others. So it is very important to make a hypothesis correctly.

A hypothesis is said to be true when the relationship it states between two or more elements is true. If the generalized assumption that is made in the hypothesis has certainty (if there is a relationship like the one exposed), then the hypothesis is true.

How to create a hypothesis?

  • Define the idea very explicit and detailed.
  • Base the assumption on a question that you will try to answer.
  • Improve the question to avoid subjective interpretations and claims.
  • Evaluate the details that may be missing to complete the hypothesis.
  • Write it, to verify the scope of the hypothesis.

Although a hypothesis is based on a specific case, it is important that it can be applied to several similar cases, so those who create and improve it must do so in order to be ‘reusable’.

Examples of hypotheses

  • Tobacco use during the early teenage years is four times more harmful than for adult users.
  • Communities with the least social conflict are the most prone to depression and suicide.
  • Today’s cars use 20% more energy than cars of 15 years ago.
  • The higher the altitude, the lower the temperature.
  • Aluminum has a melting temperature of 660 ° C.
  • Any autotrophic nutrition process will also have photosynthesis.
  • The sum of the squares of the legs is equal to the square of the hypotenuse.
  • The most stable political systems are those with the toughest and most rigid rulers.
  • A reduction in subsidies will generate an economic contraction of 4%.
  • A body totally or partially submerged in a static fluid will be pushed with a force equal to the weight of the volume of fluid displaced by said object.
  • Junk food intake and sedentary lifestyle are the causes of obesity among the population.
  • Sexism is the main cause of gender violence in Mexican society.
  • Young upper-class university students will always prefer American music, this due to an aspirational relationship that they maintain with respect to the United States and its culture.
  • Lack of time is the reason why people do not spend more time reading.
  • The overpopulation that exists in some Latin American countries is the main cause of the poverty conditions in which many people live in those regions.
  • Extreme poverty is the main cause of school dropouts at the basic level.
  • Poor diet is related to poor academic performance.
  • People with deficiency in some of their senses are capable of developing the others even more.
  • People with heart problems should not live in high altitude areas.
  • The smokers studied had more heart problems than the non-smokers studied.
  • If the value of y depends on x, let’s say that increasing x can result in both an increase and a decrease in y.

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