The hygiene is a set of practices and habits we perform regularly in order to clean or cleanse our body, also to keep it away from impurities or dirt from the environment. The main objective of these actions is to increase the integral health or to keep the environments neat.
History and important facts
The term “hygiene” comes from the Greek Higieya , which is the name of the goddess of health, therefore, the concept of hygiene is closely related to maintaining people’s health .
Since ancient times, many doctors like Hippocrates related diseases to external factors such as climate and diet, that is why little by little they considered the practice of hygiene as necessary.
Diseases such as cholera are generated by bacteria that live in water or food that have not been treated for human consumption. This is also part of public health.
Types of Hygiene
There are two general types of hygiene :
- Private or personal: it has to do with what each individual does to stay clean and in good health.
- Public hygiene: these are tasks or policies carried out by public bodies or by private organizations in order to improve a specific environment so that it is not a source of disease and leaves it looking neat.
- Oral hygiene : it is related to the care of the teeth, mainly, but also covers issues such as bad breath.
- Industrial hygiene: are those techniques or methodologies carried out by employees of a type of industry, which prevent diseases related to industrial activity.
- Mental hygiene: are the habits applied to maintain mental health. It is not a formally established science or activity, but many recommend activities such as reducing irrational or negative thoughts that increase self-esteem , as an example of this type of hygiene.
- Wash your hands before eating and after having contact with dirt.
- Take a bath at least once or twice every day.
- Wash your hair regularly.
- Keep intimate areas clean and smelling good.
- Use body deodorant.
- Clean the house regularly.
- Keep the work area clean.
- Do not mix food with elements that do not have to do with gastronomy that can damage or soil the food.
- Wash food with appropriate material.
- Clean tools for daily use.
- Clean kitchen utensils every time they are used.
- Brush your teeth, at least twice a day.
- Keep clothes clean and smelling good.
- Do not eat spoiled food.
- Clean appliances that have direct contact with food, raw or cooked.