Homophobia is the feeling of fear, hatred, discomfort or mistrust in front of other homosexual or bisexual people. The biphobia is hatred, fear or distrust people who are specifically bisexual. Similarly, transphobia is fear, hatred, mistrust, or discomfort in the face of transgender , intergender, or non-traditional gender norms.
Although transphobia, biphobia and homophobia are very similar, they are not the same. Both heterosexual and homosexual people can become transphobic, biphobic, and someone can be transphobic without being biphobic or homophobic.
Homophobia can take different forms, including negative attitudes and beliefs, prejudices or aversion against lesbian, bisexual or gay people. It is generally based on irrational fear and misunderstandings. The homophobia of certain people can be based on deep-rooted conservative religious beliefs. In other cases, homophobic beliefs can be instilled in the family.
The homophobes tend to use offensive and insulting language to refer to gays or lesbians. Biphobics can tell bisexual people that they are “just looking for attention,” or that they are actually cheating by nature. In its most extreme forms, biphobia, homophobia can cause people to adopt abusive, intimidating or violent behaviors with bisexual, lesbian or gay people.
There are some people who are lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender or in doubt suffer some discrimination because of their identity or their sexual orientation or gender identity. Such discrimination can come from religious institutions, businesses, or the government. A clear example of this are same-sex couples who are not allowed to marry; people who are fired from their jobs for being bisexual, lesbian or gay, transgender or in doubt; or people who are not allowed to purchase certain types of homes.
It relates to those who suffer from this type of phobia towards other people who are attracted to people of the same sex. Sometimes someone may have negative attitudes and beliefs about those who are attracted to people of the same sex and then turn those negative beliefs against themselves instead of accepting their own desires. This implies that they feel some discomfort with their own feelings of attraction directed towards people of the same sex and that they disapprove of them; never accept that attraction; or never identify as gay, lesbian, or bisexual.
It is the act of exposing the sexual orientation of another person without their permission. By not sharing information about someone else’s sexual orientation against their wishes, you risk negatively affecting their life by feeling embarrassed, vulnerable, or angry.
Added to this, it can put her at risk of being discriminated against and suffering violence. In case someone decides to share their guidance with you, remember that it is very personal information and that it is a very great act of friendship. It is necessary to always consult how much of that information you can share with other people and respect their wishes.
Where do I go for support if I have homophobia?
Generally, people who are harassed for homophobia, biphobia, or transphobia, tend to feel lonely and are afraid to express what they feel.
Who can give you support
- Virtual communities of bisexual, gay, lesbian transgender or in doubt.
- An alliance of gay and straight people located at your school if applicable.
- Heterosexuals who are allies of lesbian, gay, transgender or in doubt.
- Gay, lesbian, bisexual, transgender or in doubt, adults that you know and with whom you have complete confidence and tolerance in the face of diversity as family members or teachers.
Examples of homophobia
- When a gay person is attacked on public roads because of his condition.
- When a group of people are chatting and when a gay person approaches, the rest move away.
- When they treat people of this gender with indifference because of their condition.
- When they speak badly and verbally attack gay people.
- Insulting gays because of the way they behave.
- Treating them badly in front of others for having decided to be gay.