A heretic person is one who proposes or defends opinions that go against the ideas that are considered absolute and irrevocable in a given social environment. It is mainly used in the religious sphere.
Heresy, blasphemy and atheism: differences
There are concepts that tend to be confused because they have something in common: they contrast ideas. However, it is necessary to learn to differentiate a heretic person, the one who performs blasphemies and the atheists.
Atheism : absence of religious beliefs, especially the existence of deities. .
Blasphemy : insult or offense against God and sacred subjects for a certain religion.
Heresy : it is a contrast to one or more ideas implanted by a religious doctrine. The most extreme heresies can be to deny or question God’s Word .
As you will see, heretics differ from practitioners of the other two concepts in:
- Believe in God and are part of a church (as opposed to atheists and possibly the individual who blasphemes)
- It is not intended to abandon church or religion but to imply that something is wrong and should be improved.
- The heretic will not necessarily make a criticism whose content offends the church, although some members may consider the criticism itself an offense, to the point of being able to excommunicate them.
Examples of heretic
- Martin Luther : he professed the idea that not knowing how to read or write could save us, therefore, reading the holy scriptures was not necessary. The Church excommunicated him.
- Galileo Galilei : his scientific theories caused the hegemony of the Catholic Church to be violated and therefore excommunicated him.
- Theodotus the Tanner : He was the main defender of adoptionism , a type of heresy that proposes Jesus as a human being who was adopted by God and therefore elevated to “Divine Being”. They deny that Jesus is a true son of God and the Virgin Mary.
- Isaac Newton : He was accused by the philosopher Gottfried Leibniz of a heretic after describing the Universe as “the sensorium of God”, which suggested that God is the universe and time. The scientist was always considered a heretic.
- Ignacio Semmelweis: was contrary to certain ideas within medicine. He introduced the need for thorough hand washing to avoid transferring microbes from a corpse to a patient, but hardly anyone took his ideas into account. He became obsessed and ended up in a mental hospital. It was not if not until other doctors spoke on the subject.