Genocide is a term used to refer to all kinds of crimes that violate humanity and human rights; It is about exterminations of social groups , communities and that are carried out in a systematic, gradual or total way. They generally aim to eliminate entire groups and even seek to prevent the birth of new individuals in said society , for several decades this type of practice has been considered a serious crime regardless of the place or circumstance in which it is carried out. .
The genocide historically has been conducted in order to exterminate social groups because of their race, religion , political ideology and other factors and who have spearheaded these practices consider it social groups lower, it is considered as an international crime and It can be tried by bodies created to prevent this type of crime.
Many point to Raphael Lemkin as the person who made use of this word for the first time, which comes from the Greek «genos» which means race, tribe or family and from the Latin «cidio» which means to kill, Lemkin himself was one of the promoters of international laws and norms that punish these acts.
The exact definition of genocide can be misleading since many experts in the field affirm that this term is not exclusive to war since the objective of wars is to disarm the enemy, not to exterminate him. On the other hand, they also point out that a genocide is not the same as a serial murder mainly because in the first case the idea is that a social group has no right to exist , in the second case the murder is perpetrated against certain people individually, not groups.
Examples of genocides
- The Armenian genocide, perpetrated between 1915 and 1917.
- The genocide in Ukraine, known as Holodomor, took place between 1932 and 1933.
- The Holocaust, the extermination of Jews led by Adolf Hitler.
- Genocide in Rwanda, perpetrated in 1994.
- Genocide in Bosnia, carried out in 1995.
- The genocide of Cambodia, between 1975 and 1979 led by Pol Pot.
- The genocide of the Spanish colonists against the American Indians of the South.
- The extermination led by the British colonists against the American Indians in the north.
- Genocide in Guatemala during the 80s, around 200,000 people were murdered, condemning the former head of state Rios Montt for such an act.
- The cultural revolution of Mao Tse Tung, who was responsible for the deaths of more than 70 million people in the ROC.