Examples of figures of speech

Diction figures are known as those rhetorical figures whose objective is to modify or alter the composition of words, phrases or complete speeches in order to achieve a goal in the reader or receiver. Within these diction figures there are four subgroups:

  1. Transformation or metaplasm
  2. Omission.
  3. Repetition.
  4. Position.

Examples of figures of speech

1- Figures of diction of transformation or metaplasm

In these cases the form of the word is altered but its meaning does not vary. For example, psychology by s icología. Within these figures of diction you can find another classification:

  • Apheresis . Here some letter is removed. An example of this figure is the one mentioned above: psychology for psychology.
  • Apocope . A sound or phoneme is subtracted or eliminated at the end of a word. For example: good instead of good o .
  • Metathesis. A sound is modified within a word. For example k I IOSCO by qu IOSCO
  • Parágoge . Contrary to the previous diction figure, in these cases a sound is added at the end of a word. It is often used in foreign words. For instance. Restaurant by restaurant e .
  • Prosthesis . This is the case of many suffixes that are added to a word modifying its meaning. For example: normal for abnormal (which means the opposite of normal).

2- Figures of omission diction

Within this group some linguistic forms or elements are omitted. They are subdivided, in turn, into:

  • Asyndeton . In this figure, the connectors or connections are omitted in conjunction . For example: I arrived, I ate, I slept.
  • Brachylogy . In this case, the phrase or sentence is unnecessarily extended. For example: I am smart because I think I am smart.
  • Ellipsis . A word is omitted that, although essential, the lack of it does not modify the meaning of the sentence: “Eat, (like this) then you can eat dessert”
  • Paralipsis . In this figure it is tried to omit something but it is highlighted at the same time, it feels this its true objective. For example: I prefer not to stand out on the delusional atrocities of his behavior.
  • Zeugma . a word is used only once that needs to be used more than once. “They were his big, beautiful, fiery, expressive eyes.”

3- Figures of repetition diction

As its name implies, it is the repetition of a word or other literary device. In turn, they are subdivided into:

  • Alliteration . It is the repetition of a sound. The ideal example is observed in the tongue twisters: three sad tigers eat wheat in a wheat field.
  • Anadiplosis . A sentence ends with the same word that the previous sentence or phrase begins with. For example: dawn was late in that desolate town . Desolate was the man as he watched his grief . Although it had been with him for many years.
  • Concatenation. Here the words are repeated in a chained fashion. The hares ran , they ran desolate, they ran through the field, seeking refuge and comfort. It is used when words are repeated or repeated unnecessarily. For instance. Get out, get down, get in.
  • Politician. A word is repeated but it varies since the inflectional morphemes are modified, be they masculine, singular, feminine or plural. For example: you love the love tes and both are love to love do fall asleep.
  • The same word is repeated both at the beginning and at the end of the word. For instance; red were the red roses.
  • Epiphora . In this case, what is repeated in a phrase or group of words emphasizing it. For example: “I will surely arrive at that time . Well, at that time we have arranged to meet ”.
  • Anaphora . It is similar to the previous figure of diction, except that in this case the text is presented in the form of a verse and the repetition is observed in the first word of each verse. For example: Sleeping girl, sleeping flower, sleeping maiden, my heart.

  • Parallelism . Parallelism is a figure of diction that is responsible for repeating the structure of a sentence with the following. For example: the immense cosmos , the giant cosmos , the majestic cosmos .
  • Paranomasia. It is a widely used figure since almost identical words are used where only one or two letters vary but their meaning varies remarkably. For example: married and ca n sado.
  • Polysyndeton. It is the repetition of conjunctions but unnecessarily. For example: we were 5 boys and 3 girls and together we went fishing and had a beautiful time on the shore of the lake.
  • Pun. It is the repetition of a word or phrase but inverting the meaning of it. For example: you have to eat to live and not live to eat .
  • Chiasmus In this figure of diction words are repeated but generating an inverse sense. When I was cold I had no clothes and now that I have clothes I am not cold.

4- Figures of position diction

It is a type of diction figure where the order of words or linguistic elements within a sentence is altered. In turn, these can be:

  • Anastrophe . Two elements are reversed that are successive within a sentence. For example: “the year of autumn was coming”, when it should be said, “autumn was coming to the year.”
  • Hyperbaton . The order of the sentence is altered for the purpose of emphasis. For example: “all the food those children ate”, when it would commonly be written “those children ate all the food”.
  • Synchysis or verborum mixture . Some words are phonetically altered in order to rhyme. For instance; Oh! If you arrive sen to the people it will surely build sen many homes and vivie sen for many years.
  • Tmesis. Is the separation in two or more words of the same. For example: I can only add that it was im – pre – sio – nan – te.

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