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Examples of Conditional Sentences in English

The conditional sentences are used to speculate on what might happen, what could have happened, and what we want to happen. In English, almost all sentences that use the conditional begin with ” If “. Many conditional forms include verbs in one of the past tenses.

However, we are not referring to something that happened in the past literally, which is why this usage is called the ” unreal past .” Currently, there are five ways to use conditional sentences. Regardless of what type they are, they all include two clauses: the ” If … ” or “If …” clause, and the main clause.

Conditional Type 1

It is used to refer to both the present and the future , where the situation presented is real. It refers to a possible condition and its probable outcome. Structurally, the “If” clause is written in the present simple and the main clause is written in the future simple.

Conditional Type 2

It is implemented to refer to a time that can be now or at any time and to a situation or consequence that is unreal. These conditionals are not based on facts but on assumptions. Hence, they refer to a hypothetical condition and its probable outcome. Structurally, the “If” clause is written in the past simple, and the main clause is written in the present conditional.

Conditional Type 3

It is used to refer to a time in the past and presents us with a situation contrary to reality. The facts on which they are based are contrary to those expressed. Structurally, the “If” clause is written in the past perfect , and the main clause in the perfect conditional.

Conditional zero

It is used when the moment to which it is referred is now or always and the consequent situation is real or possible. The time in both clauses of the zero conditional is the simple present.

Mixed Conditional

It is used to refer to a time in the past whose situation is currently developing in the present. Like type 3 conditionals, the facts on which they are based are the opposite of those on which they are expressed. Structurally, the “If” clause is written in the past perfect , and the main clause is written in the present conditional.

Examples of Conditional Sentences

  • If it rains, the earth will get wet. / If it rains, the earth will get wet.
  • If Sam plays video games, he will have fun. / If Sam plays video games, he’s going to have fun.
  • If I study math, I will learn about numbers. / If I study math, I’m going to learn about numbers.
  • If it rained, you would get wet. / If it rained, you would get wet
  • If Sam cried, you would feel bad. / If Sam cried, you’d feel bad.
  • If I studied math, I would have passed the exam. / If I had studied mathematics, I would have passed the exam.
  • If it had rained hard, you would have gotten very wet. / If it had rained heavily, you would have gotten really wet.
  • If I had known she was coming over for dinner, I would have cooked something extra to eat. / If I had known she was coming to dinner, I would have cooked something extra to eat.
  • If I had studied more math, I would have passed the exam. / If I had studied more math, I would have passed the exam.
  • If it rains, the earth gets wet. / If it rains, the earth gets wet.
  • If Sam plays video games, he has fun. / If Sam plays video games, he has fun.
  • If I study math, I learn about numbers. / If I study math, I learn about numbers.
  • If I would have trained harder during gymnastics, I would have been able to become a professional gymnast now. / If I had trained harder during gymnastics, I could have become a professional gymnast now.
  • If I would have saved my friend’s life during the war, we could be playing poker now. / If I had saved my friend’s life during the war, we could be playing poker now.
  • If we would have put gasoline on the car earlier, we wouldn’t be stranded now. / If we had put gas in the car earlier, we would not be stranded now.

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