The Art Deco is a modernist art movement that originated in Europe since 1910 , but it was not until 10 years later when he began to become popular.
Art deco history
Art Deco emerged in Paris after the First World War and quickly spread to many countries in Europe. Within a few years it reached North America, specifically Hollywood in the US, where it was adopted as a symbol of glamor, which was promoted by the films of the time.
Although its beginnings date back to 1910, it was in 1966, in Paris, when it was awarded the name Art Deco. Before it was known as Style Moderne .
The style of architectural and graphic design designs maintain a fairly classic, symmetrical and rectilinear line in the works .
From posters, typographies, applied arts, decoration, fashion, to representations of fine arts such as painting, sculpture and cinematography, they maintained this style.
He handles a geometric language: he frequently uses figures the hexagon, octagon and the cube. It also applies combinations of the line and the zigzag.
It is also common to see curves, spirals and circles.
Part of its elegance and refinement is due to the use of expensive materials for the elaboration of the artistic pieces:
- Natural materials : shark, shark and tortoiseshell skin; woods brought from distant territories, such as ambo, ebony and rosewood.
- Industrial materials : chromium, bakelite and plastic.
Art Deco examples
Examples of main exponents of this movement:
- Cassandre (1901-1968).
- Tamara de Lempicka (1898-1980).
- Erté (1892-1990).
- Paul Landowski (1875-1961).
- William van Alen (1883-1954).
- Jean Dupás
- Robert Eugène Poughéon
- Jean Gabriel Domerge
Examples of Art Deco works:
- The stadium of the Athletic Club “HURACÁN” , in Buenos Aires, Argentina. It is the first Art Deco stadium in America.
- The countless hotels built between the 1920s and 1940s in Miami Beach.
- Bullocks Wilshire Buildings and the Pellissier Building , built between 1929 and 1931 in Los Angeles, USA.
- Bacardi Building in Havana.
- Rinaldi Palace in Montevideo , Uruguay.
- The city of Napier (New Zealand) was rebuilt in the Art Deco style after the 1931 earthquake.
- The London Underground , in England.
- The Power and Light Building in Kansas, USA.
- The Gran Vía in Madrid and the Paseo de Gracia in Barcelona are examples of art deco in Spain.