Some of the main characteristics of civil companies are the following:
- They are organized social structures despite their informal nature.
- They are voluntary : it is not mandatory to belong to them.
- They are autonomous : their values and movements come from their members.
- They are self-sufficient : they do not depend on the government or other financial institutions to exist.
- They are regulated by a legal system: that is, they operate within a legal margin.
- They contain common and shared sets of values that their members happily realize or carry out.
Examples of Civil Companies
- Non-Governmental Associations . They are non-profit organizations made up of members of the citizenry that operate independently of the government. In addition, they are organized at the community, national and international levels to serve specific social or political purposes and are cooperative rather than commercial in nature. Today there are two large groups of NGOs: those of an operational nature that are dedicated to the idealization and completion of development projects and those that are characterized by organizing or participating in specific causes such as the improvement of human rights .
- Community Based Organizations . They are made up of public or private, non-profit organizations that are representative of a community or a significant segment of it and work to satisfy the most basic needs of a community such as education and health. Among the jobs or projects that this organization can cover include: revitalizing the neighborhood, ensuring that the health and hygiene conditions of the community are optimal, carrying out medical aid funds, having a structure that takes responsibility and help community members in the event of a natural disaster, maintenance and access to transportation routes, conservation and protection of the community environment, among others.
- Organization of Indigenous Peoples . This civil society focuses primarily on advocating for the human rights of indigenous peoples who were once threatened or displaced by colonizers during ancient history. Therefore, they focus on fighting for the individual and collective rights of indigenous peoples, as well as their rights to identity, culture, language, employment, health, education, restoration of their lands or peoples, among other The most popular being the Working Group on Indigenous Populations (WGIP), an extension of the United Nations.
- Trade unions . They are workers’ organizations that come together to achieve certain goals, such as protecting the integrity of the business, improving safety standards, achieving higher pay, improving benefits (such as vacations, medical health care, and retirement), and working conditions through increased bargaining power exercised by the creation of a monopoly among workers. The unionist mantra is “maintain or improve exemplary working conditions.” Unions can be made up of students, apprentices, workers, retirees, even the unemployed, who want to fight for a different work environment.
- Youth Groups . They are groups of young people who are part of an organized social, political or religious institution. These gather in a safe place to develop a specific activity such as a workshop, game, or a sport. They are very popular within the larger religions such as Christianity or Buddhism, where the practicing churches form these types of groups so that young people can learn about them. The background of a youth group is that the participants of these acquire knowledge and learning that will serve them throughout their development, as well as to distract themselves from the routine. These groups typically meet on weekends or after school to carry out their activities.
- Farmers Organization . It is an independent, non-governmental, and voluntary civil organization in which farmers’ families are represented. They focus primarily on advocating for the economic, social, and quality of life well-being of farmers, ranchers, fishermen, family consumers, and their communities through education, cooperation, and legislation. This civil society group is not very predominant worldwide, however, in the United States there are two large organizations of this type: The American Farm Bureau Federation (AFBF), and the National Farmers Union (NFU), which are made up of hundreds of thousands of people.