Example of a Job Methodology

A research work can have the characteristics of a Research Project, Research Report or Systematization.

According to these features, the researcher will locate and develop the necessary aspects for its realization.

Primarily for its preparation, there must be an interest or research topic on the part of the person who processes it, through which the structure of the work is woven for its subsequent presentation before the Tutor and Qualifying Jury, who in this case verify the depth levels, way of writing, theory in which it is inscribed or developed and of course praxis. This also includes the methodology used to carry out the investigation.

It is worth noting that, when carrying out a research work, one goes through the research methodology , which in some cases becomes a situation of boredom and even incompressible for the researcher. Since, you are entangled in a tangle of methods and / or methodologies with such rigor that you lose perspective on what you want to say, write and do.

It is proposed through this writing to present some proposals of methodological unraveling to achieve the advancement and concretion of the work that is wanted and needs to be developed; In this way, the researcher can dedicate more time to the research and written production of his or her research product.

The methodological order

An Investigation whatever its nature must have an order, in which coherence appears within the common thread of the work. However, when the work is attached in detail to a myriad of steps or methods in a compulsory way; This investigation culminates in a sea of ​​information that does not provide coherence and clarity to it. Therefore, the researcher, together with his work, is usually trapped in dilemmas without any direction.

Another aspect, to be taken into account to clarify the methodological order, is the rigorous and even obsessive classification that is recurrent among investigative theorists on the way of investigating; that is, the division per se: Qualitative and Quantitative, leaving aside the possibility of complementing research in both directions or developing different methodological aspects that would lead to a multiplicity of methodological or methodological research.

It is necessary to go through and articulate on the methodological order, providing the precise guidelines for research at its various scales.

The title of the investigation

This detail is important, because with the title of the work, whether it is a thesis, project, monograph, report or book, those who read an objective, short, attractive title that generates curiosity can help facilitate the transit through written production. At the same time, it must be taken into account that at the last moment of the final delivery of the work, there may be a partial or total change in the title of the research work.

The introduction

Represents the beginning of the work, this section explains in a general way what the reader, tutors or jurors will find throughout the written development. In it, he expresses himself in an analytical, reflective, comprehensive way and with a historical and philosophical perspective, including what refers to the research topic selected to work on. It is in the introduction, where the researcher proposes the pertinent and coherent connections on global, regional or national situations regarding their research.

Problematic situation

In this section, the researcher refers in a general way to the exploration carried out on the subject investigated, there also raises what is pertinent to the methods, techniques and instruments with which the investigation is approached; In this way, their arguments will be more solid when expressing them and will also be references about the reality under investigation.

Research Problem

In the research work, if it is of a scientific nature, it is necessary to work from a detected problem, which serves as a guide in the preparation of the written production. If the nature of the work is inserted from the social, cultural or educational sphere. The work based on a topic of interest to the researcher is more pertinent, which is of particular and general importance for a community or subjects investigated.

That is why the problem must be expressed clearly and unambiguously and must also try to establish relationships between variables. This especially if the work is of a scientific nature.

Research objectives

Through the objectives outlined in the investigation, the task of the same is achieved, at the same time, the relevant aspects that make up the investigation are prioritized and the scope of the investigation is established, as well as facilitating the journey towards the result or results of the investigation. investigation.

General objective

It is the central axis of the research work, it is generally formulated as a question, but this is rather the idea that traces the way to the necessary answers. In the general objective must be present:

  • The investigated subjects.
  • The time of the investigation.
  • Place where the work is done.
  • It is written with verb infinitives suitable and correct for the research topic.

Specific objectives

They are those that come from the general objective, constitute the procedures to achieve the general objective. Therefore they are subordinate to the main or general objective. They are also written using verbal infinitives, which give rise to concrete actions such as: Explain, Assess, Implement, Promote, Encourage, Design.


The antecedents constitute the accumulation of investigations related to which the investigation is being developed. It should be noted that the background must be relevant and related to the work; With this, the researcher manages to present in his writing a rigorous, pertinent and coherent theoretical-methodological articulation.


This section is where the researcher explains his reasons and / or investigative arguments to carry out the study. It is important to express in this component of the text, the relevance of the research in a clear, concise, direct and concrete way.

Theoretical referential framework

It is the section or chapter in which the researcher presents the state of the art, as well as the theories that give weight to his research to be developed; in this the following aspects are configured: concepts, laws, theories, principles, categories fundamentally referred to the subject matter. There the researcher can also weave his theoretical proposal on the investigative theme.

On the other hand, in the theoretical-referential framework, aspects such as:

  • Prevents mistakes made in other studies.
  • Provide guidance on how the investigation is carried out.
  • It helps to focus the researcher and in turn the reader on the study being carried out.
  • Statements or hypotheses are established that must then be confronted throughout the investigation.
  • It provides the researcher with a framework of new research spheres.
  • It also offers a referential spectrum for the interpretation of the facts to be investigated.

Finally, some components of the structure that make up a research work are shown:

  1. Cover (Identification of the House of Study, Title of the Work, Name of the Researcher and Tutor)
  2. Dedication (optional)
  3. Acknowledgments (optional)
  4. Summary (250-300 words) Includes keywords (3 to 6 words separated by hyphens, commas or semicolons).
  5. Summary in another Language (English, French, Portuguese)
  6. Introduction
  7. Problematic situation
  8. Problem or Situation to Investigate
  9. Justification or Relevance of the Topic
  10. objectives
  11. Background
  12. Legal Bases
  13. Theoretical-Referential Framework
  14. Methodological framework
  15. Research Type (Optional)
  16. Investigative Approach
  17. Contributions
  18. References
  19. Annexes

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