Social Sciences


An ethnic group is a group of people united by the same race who also share the same language, traditions and other cultural elements. The term ethnic group originates from a Greek word that means “people” or “nation”.

Race Vs Ethnicity

There is a confusion between race and ethnicity, but there is a basic differentiation: race refers to physical characteristics of a group of people, such as skin color, facial features, hair type , etc. While ethnicity has to do with sharing cultural aspects such as religion, music, clothing, rituals, parties, music , among others.

Ethnicity types

These are some types of ethnicities according to the cultural and racial groups that exist throughout the world.

  • Mixed race
  • Caucasians
  • Afro-Colombians
  • Natives
  • Whites
  • Afro-descendants
  • Others.

Examples of ethnicities

  • Akha : is of Mongoloid origin and lives in Burma, Laos, Thailand, Vietnam and China.
  • Karen : developed in southern Burma. It totals 4 million members.
  • Hmong : lives between China , Thailand and Vietnam.
  • Jewish people : they descend from the Hebrews (that is why they maintain Hebrew as a common language) and from the Israelites who inhabited part of the Mediterranean, they descended from the twelve sons of Jacob.
  • Palestinian people : it is an Arab subgroup, which after the diaspora has populated other countries, but the original community in that country is still numerous.
  • Gypsies of the Thar : They are found in the state of Rajasthan, in India.
  • Senufo : It is located in West Africa, specifically in Mali, Burkina Faso and the Ivory Coast.
  • Tuareg : it is a prominent semi-nomadic town in the Sahara desert, north of the Sahel. They are also located in Nigeria and Mali.
  • Bambara : located in West Africa Guinea, Senegal and Burkina Faso.
  • Fulani: with more than 40 million people, this people live in Mali and Burkina Faso.
  • Maasai: it has approximately one million individuals distributed between Tanzania and Kenya.
  • Rom people: also known as Roma or Gypsies, they are gypsies found throughout the world. Before they were a nomadic people, but they have already settled in some places like Spain.
  • Armenian people: they share a language and alphabet. It is a people that has also experienced a diaspora, which is why they are currently scattered throughout the planet.
  • Mennonites: it is a religious group that inhabits, above all, between Belize, Guatemala and other countries of Central America and North America, but has European origin (1525).
  • Kuna Indians: it is a minority town of Panamanian origin. They have a particular dress that represents them and stands out within the other communities.

Other examples

  • The Ndani
  • The Asmat
  • The Korowai
  • The Toraja
  • The Mursi
  • The Hamer
  • The Afar

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