Social Sciences

Discrimination

The discrimination is that act differently treated; with rejection, contempt or simply not as would be expected, to someone due to their race, sex, political ideas, religion, etc.

The discriminatory acts are harmful to those who experience can affect their self – esteem and other aspects. Over the years, many ethnic groups, social classes and races have fought to achieve equality for the members of their groups, and much of that fight is against discrimination.

Discrimination classification

To be considered discrimination, the treatment must be related to one or more of the seven causes of harmful treatment :

  • Racial : is one that is oriented towards members of a non-predominant race. It can also be due to prejudices and stereotypes associated with a certain ethnic group.
  • Gender or sexual : it is the rejection that men or women receive due to gender inequalities.
  • By age : acts of rejection or abuse against children or the elderly, mainly, considering them unsuitable for certain tasks or worthy of receiving a good treatment, for example.
  • By their nationality or origin : it is experienced by immigrants and emigrants. It is also related to rejection for presenting some traits according to their ethnicity .
  • Religious : related to religious creed, practices or customs.
  • Politics : violent treatment or rejection for their political ideals.
  • Because of their situation or their social position: it has to do with their social class or economic situation. Higher social classes often feel more dominant than others, even if they are in the minority.

Examples of discrimination

  • Not be hired in a job for being a person African American or any race other than white.
  • Not giving the position of CEO to the most competent person, and according to the organizational structure of the company, due to the fact of being a woman, granting it to a less qualified man.
  • Actors of a certain Latino origin are persuaded to speak with a certain accent in order to be hired, while others from other countries are allowed to maintain their accent.
  • Not admitting people of a certain race or ethnicity to nightclubs.
  • Company policies that only allow their employees to speak English.
  • Being intolerant of children of single mothers when it comes to having equal opportunities in extracurricular activities at school.
  • Do not accept people with mild physical or intellectual disabilities in a company.
  • Do not accept transsexuals and transgender people in universities, work or entertainment places .
  • In some countries, do not allow children and the elderly to enter public transport because legally they do not have to pay for the service.

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