Baroque art includes the period lived by man during the years 1590 and 1720. This type of art includes sculpture, architecture and painting , so this art was not defined as an artistic concept, but rather as a concept cultural.
The term baroque , given to this style was due to the fact that, during the time after this, it was considered somewhat grotesque and exaggerated. So the name is coined as a derogatory term.
His ability to generate emotion and passion in viewers made this style an art that was revalued and taken into account.
Baroque art embodied in painting, expresses the reality of feeling and the dynamism that characterizes it.
Baroque painting is based on two aspects: gloomy, which is about the violent blow that light makes against shadow, and eclecticism, which deals with theatrical and effective decorative aesthetics.
Characteristics of Baroque painting
- It is realistic. It represents through painting, things as they are, including in it their pleasant and unpleasant aspects.
- They have mobility and strength. The compositions are less and less symmetrical and not very serene.
- The dark glade technique is applied. A mixture of intense darkness and radiant light.
- It has emotion and intensity. The representations were emotional and the characters expressed feelings with great intensity.
- Baroque painting is characterized by religious, mythological, portrait subjects, images of common life and court scenes.
- The development of a new aspect of art begins, called “still life”
It expresses the exaggerated representation of the human body and face. The effects of light and shadow are given thanks to the relief.
Each sculpture is made and designed for a specific location in a certain space, so it depends on its light and its architecture.
- The details of the human body are represented with minute caution.
- Realism is always present in representations.
- The gestures were endowed with great theatricality.
- They focused intensely on capturing the psychology of the characters.
- All baroque sculpture has vitality, mobility and energy.
- The figures interlock with each other, forming complex compositions between them.
- The lighting effects were repowered. Combinations of lights and shadows were generated through the gestures and clothing of the figures.
- The portraits and mythological scenes were the most representative of the time.
The exuberant decoration is the basis of Baroque architecture. Curved figures (concave and convex) predominate in this style.
The scenography of the Baroque style varies thanks to its optical games and the viewer’s point of view.
For Baroque architecture, every space is a site of cultural representation.
- Curved lines are present in decorations and buildings.
- Solomonic colonnades predominate.
- The lighting effects are predominant through facades with different depths.
- They have borders that are not closed on some of their sides.
- Decorations and ornaments abound in interiors and facades.
- Implementation of rich materials in order to generate ostentation.