15 examples of Ello, Me and Super Me

In psychology there are three concepts created by Sigmund Freud that serve to explain how our mind works. These concepts are It, I and Super ego (or superego), and according to Freud, they are factors that interact with each other and that form a complex system that governs the psyche. The correct way to order these concepts, according to their relationship to each other, is just as we mentioned above: Ello, Me and Super I , since they are instances that will affect the next one.

  • It. It is the part of the psyche in charge of generating the primitive impulses and desires that have to do with our most fundamental instincts, and that are generally linked to satisfaction and pleasure, but also with what we sometimes consider negative: hunger, sexual desire, aggressiveness, irrational thoughts and the like. It is the unconscious part of the psyche.
  • Me. It is the most conscious instance, which is related to reality and therefore sometimes comes into conflict with the previous and the next, since it acts as a mediator. The I is in charge of, let’s say, administering the signals generated by the Id and externalizing it through its fulfillment, however, it will always try to bring those desires closer to reality. The I is forged according to external factors.
  • Super me. The last or third component tries to create a kind of rule, limitation or blockage in the face of some reaction of the I, which in turn is controlling an impulse of the I. This part of the sique is formed according to our experiences, so according to this we will establish our own norms, prejudices, affirmations, conditions, etc.

15 examples of Ello, Me and Super Me

Next, we will show some examples where each instance has participation. Not all of them correspond faithfully to the answer that each individual can offer, because as we have said, some of these components of the sique will depend on the experiences of each person .


  • Dreams. They are a clear example of what this component of the sique generates. In an abstract way, the results of the psychoanalysis of our impulses and instincts are revealed.
  • Greed . When we have a product, but in the same way we feel the desire to have more, even if we don’t really need it.
  • Lust . People who maintain a sexually active life will often feel impulses that will sound the alarm of the Self to try to fulfill those desires.
  • Violence . In a situation in which our integrity is in danger or not, it will take the reins by defending itself aggressively. In a physical or verbal way, he acts in an offensive or defensive way.
  • Mourn . It is the way that many people, including babies, handle their desires for beneficial results. Crying is a sometimes impulsive response to influence others.


  • Granting wishes. Basically, if we want to buy objects that we already have in bulk, such as shoes or clothes, this part of the sique will do what is necessary to acquire them, that is, create the goal and desire to go to the store to buy them.
  • Take decisions. When we must make decisions according to reality, it is this part that intervenes. If we want to eat a whole cake, it is the Self that makes us realize that it is not healthy to do so.
  • It makes us think about pros and cons. Although there is certainly a certain unconsciousness in the I, as we have mentioned, it is also one of the closest to reality, so it will be in charge of putting rational thoughts in our mind, as when we expose the pros and cons when choosing a plan , the food we will eat, the career we will take, etc.
  • Eat, sleep, dance. When it comes to these types of basic desires and sometimes necessary for our integral health, the Self will take care of covering them in the best way and mediating with the Super Self.
  • Meet personal goals. The wishes or impulses that the ego will try to fulfill do not necessarily have to be short-term. It is also about those goals that we set ourselves according to our tastes, needs and dreams.

Super me:

  • Put morals first . When we are about to do something that we know is controlled by our low instincts, the Super I will come to the rescue of our morals, modesty, integrity, health, etc.
  • Limit ourselves. If we want to buy the objects in the previous example, but we know that we do not have much money, this part will send a signal to limit or prohibit purchases.
  • Thoughts of guilt, regret, etc. As these are limitations that we place on to slow down the impulses of the previous components a bit, we generally do it from complexes, blame, demands on others or ourselves and others like it.
  • Repression. As in this part we set our own conditions, we reflect our ethics , morals and care, sometimes we will exert repression towards ourselves or towards that which is contrary to our ideals. We will block actions and we will have somewhat negative skills, even.
  • Feel ashamed. If we want to go to a job interview and we are not dressed properly, we will suddenly feel embarrassed if we see other people in appropriate suits. We will think that we should run out of the place.

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