These medications are responsible for reducing or eliminating pain without causing other alterations to the state of consciousness. Below is a list with examples of analgesics that you can consider in case of pain as long as your doctor does not contraindicate their use.
Best examples of pain relievers
Pain is an unpleasant sensory and emotional experience that occurs as a result of damage or injury to some part of our body.
Analgesics are drugs that, although they are available over the counter in many nations, should be consumed with caution and exclusively for the purpose of reducing pain.
Like all medicines, pain relievers may trigger adverse reactions in some people, although not frequently. Here are the most common ones.
Acetylsalicylic acid, also known as aspirin, is a drug included in the category of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory pain relievers (NSAIDs) that has powerful pain-relieving effects.
Its main mechanism of action occurs on the inflammatory cascade, which reduces the inflammatory mediators responsible for producing pain.
In addition, aspirin has an effect on platelet aggregation, which is extremely beneficial in cardiovascular diseases to prevent the formation of thrombi.
Acetaminophen is a drug that also produces pain relief through its mechanism of action on certain nerve fibers responsible for causing pain.
The main use of acetaminophen is intended to generate an antipyretic effect, that is, to reduce fever without generating greater anti-inflammatory effects.
This drug is available over the counter in many countries due to its excellent analgesic effects and the few side reactions it causes; it is also very safe in pregnancy and children.
Dipyrone is an example of an analgesic since it is a medicine used to relieve intense pain such as joint pain and headaches .
Dipyrone has proven to be very effective in reducing fever, especially those cases in which the temperature rise exceeds 39 ° C.
Ketoprofen is a very powerful analgesic in relieving bone, joint and inflammatory pain, especially when it has been prolonged over time.
For this reason, in those cases of generalized fractures and trauma, pain due to renal colic and headache, Ketoprofen is highly indicated.
Ketorolac is a medicine derived from propionic acid that reduces pain and improves inflammation in cases of severe pain.
This analgesic is usually indicated in cases of migraine, toothache, bone and joint pain, also demonstrating a powerful anti-inflammatory effect.
Diclofenac is a pain reliever that is indicated to relieve joint, muscle and middle ear pain due to its powerful anti-inflammatory effect.
There is diclofenac sodium that is preferred to use to relieve soft tissue inflammation and diclofenac potassium to reduce bone tissue inflammation.
Ibuprofen is an NSAID that has greater anti-inflammatory and antipyretic effects. It has adequate penetration into bone tissue and for that reason it is indicated for the management of severe joint pain.
Naproxen is a derivative of propionic acid with greater anti-inflammatory effects, capable of causing analgesia in cases of bone and muscle pain.
It is highly indicated in chronic inflammatory processes such as rheumatoid arthritis and in fractures, especially those that need surgical management.
Celecoxib is a drug that belongs to the group of COX2 inhibitors with intense anti-inflammatory properties and is widely used for the management of chronic joint pain.
Morphine is an opioid analgesic not used routinely due to its powerful effect on the central nervous system capable of causing depression of the cardiovascular and respiratory systems.
Morphine is generally indicated in pain caused by terminal diseases such as cancer and under strict medical surveillance, to evaluate respiratory and cardiac patterns.
It is not used routinely due to long-term psychological dependency.
General considerations on the various examples of pain relievers
Analgesics should be indicated under strict medical surveillance to evaluate any adverse effects that may occur and consider whether there is an indication to receive them.
Prolonged consumption of some NSAIDs could affect blood cells, causing alterations in blood clotting and should not be indicated in certain hematological pathologies.
Pain relievers damage the lining of the stomach which could cause gastritis , ulcers and risk of bleeding, manifested as heartburn and a sensation of gastroesophageal reflux.
Avoid self-medicating and you should go to a medical consultation promptly, in case you feel any kind of pain in your body.
The consumption of certain pain relievers such as diclofenac could cause kidney damage if administered for a long time and without a true medical indication.