Before starting to list the examples of transgenic foods , it is pertinent to note that these are those in whose composition there is at least one ingredient from a genetically modified organism.
In short, it is not typical of the original species. Only with the optimization of the methods of genetic manipulation of food, it is possible that the use of transgenics can be globalized.
Currently, it is estimated that almost 70% of the foods consumed regularly have at least one gene that is not intrinsic to its species, such as meats, potatoes, tomatoes, etc.
In this way, the examples of transgenic foods are developed from the selection (among millions of cells of a living being ), of those carriers of the desired chromosomes.
This is an experimental technique, since the cell is not a foolproof or perfect machine, so the results may be different.
10 examples of transgenic foods and their characteristics
As of 2011, a genetically modified variety of alfalfa resistant to certain herbicides is being produced.
This allows farmers to spray the field with them without damaging the alfalfa production.
2. Zucchini and squash
Currently, genetically modified variants of zucchini and squash are produced, so that among the characteristics of transgenic foods is their resistance to different types of viruses .
One of the processes used in some dairy farms is the feeding of cows with bovine growth hormone (rBGH), to optimize milk production.
This hormone has recombinant properties, and is obtained through genetic engineering . However, some countries of the European Union prohibit this type of practice.
It is important to mention that a large part of the corn grown is transgenic, and the main reason why it is produced is the decrease in production costs.
Likewise, this genetic modification gives it greater resistance to glyphosate, a herbicide used to kill weeds, but which can damage production.
From this corn, it is possible to make different types of products.
Regarding which are the most common transgenic foods , bread stands out even though it does not have direct modification: its raw materials are modified, such as cereals or wheat.
That said, the purpose of this modification is to meet the wide global demand for bread.
6. Potato or potato
For its part, the potato is another food in high demand worldwide, and genetic engineering can boost its production or make it more nutritious and resistant.
For this reason, it is another genetically modified food to be able to feed a greater amount of the world’s population.
7. Sugar beet
Many are unaware that sugar beet is a product in high demand worldwide, due to its importance for the production of sugar .
Since 2005, a genetically modified sugar beet has been approved. For example, in the US it represents approximately 50% of the production of this item.
Throughout the world, soy is one of the main foods produced using genetic engineering, especially in countries such as Argentina and the United States.
An outstanding example is that of an American company that in 2010 created a genetically modified soybean, distinguished by its high levels of oleic acid.
This acid has many benefits, the most important of which is its contribution to the reduction of bad cholesterol .
Thanks to its many variants, the tomato is one of the most consumed foods in the world today. Consequently, its worldwide demand is very high.
In this situation, genetic engineering drives the increase in tomato production, making them more nutritious and resistant to processes such as transport and storage, as well as to pests.
In this order of ideas, the grapes are modified at a genetic level to increase their resistance and remove the seeds that are inside the fruit.
What is its usefulness?
Before, the spread of the use of transgenics increased the demands of consumers and producers, so these changes are essential to enter the food market.
Among the main benefits of transgenic foods is the fact that they extend the life of foods and their resistance to aggressive environmental conditions.
They also increase their resistance to diseases , herbicides and insect pests, as well as achieving better nutritional conditions.
The genetic engineering technique encourages the development of foods with specific characteristics that make them superior to foods produced by natural means.
On the other hand, it allows growth in the levels of efficiency and productivity of food.
Regarding the effects of transgenic foods , they are beneficial for health: they add new nutrients and increase the level of vitamins and other natural nutrients.