Science

10 Examples from Biology

The biological sciences are divided into multiple branches for the study of life . Next, we explain some of them through these biology examples .

10 Examples from Biology

As for the definition of biology , it is the science that studies all the structures and vital functioning of living beings , in addition to the environment that surrounds them . Here are his best examples.

1. Biochemistry

This scientific area unites the biological sciences with organic chemistry 

Therefore, it addresses the functions and chemical reactions of cells, in addition to the formation of organic compounds inherent in the living organism. 

For example, biochemistry delves into the vital processes of glycolysis, photosynthesis , lactic fermentation, oxidative stress, genetics , among others. 

2. Molecular biology

Molecular biology is responsible for studying the organization and functions of the different molecules that make up the body. 

For example, it studies the factors involved in the process of transport and transcription of proteins located in the nucleotides of DNA and genetics.

3. Ecology 

Ecology is the branch of biology that is responsible for the study of the environment , that is, ecosystems 

In this sense, it analyzes the factors that intervene in the relationship of living beings with the environment that surrounds them. 

Now, as an example, it is possible to mention the interaction of lions with the wild habitat. 

4. Microbiology

As its name implies, it specializes in the study and analysis of the behavior of organic beings and biological structures of microscopic size. 

For its part, it identifies the specimens belonging to the Monera, Protista and Fungi Kingdom. That is, viruses fungi parasites, and bacteria 

In turn, it relies on certain aspects of ecology and medicine , to study the environment or natural or pathogenic habitat of microorganisms. 

For example, it studies the functional basis of the bacterium S. pyogenes in the skin, the configuration and action of HIV-AIDS or the pathogenicity of E. coli.

5. Zoology

This biological branch delves into the behavior of animals with the environment that surrounds them from the individual and collective point of view. 

For example, it tracks and monitors species located in a national park, whether they are vulnerable, endangered or not threatened.  

6. Anatomy 

This biological branch is dedicated to the analysis and study of the different organs that make up living beings. 

For its part, it has an affinity with other scientific fields, especially medicine. 

In fact, anatomy is one of the basic sciences in the medical career, because it identifies the main structures of the human body 

To give some examples of anatomical biology, it is possible to refer to the structure that makes up the bones, skin , muscles , stomach, kidneys, lungs, bronchi, trachea, pancreas, among other organs. 

7. Marine biology

This branch or derivative of biology, is responsible for analyzing the behavior of organisms that develop their natural habitat in the marine ecosystem 

In turn, marine biologists evaluate and execute the processes that interfere with this ecosystem , such as environmental factors, exploitation and resources. 

For example, they study the samples of algae and zooplankton that appear in the oceans, determining the state of conservation and the factors that interfere. 

8. Botany

The botanical studies everything about the plants, such as its structure, vital functions, reproduction and organic processes of the plant kingdom. 

On the other hand, the relationship of plants with human beings is approached through this science, having an affinity with natural and traditional medicine.

Another aspect that botany studies is the relationship between plants and other living beings, as a source of food, sustenance and economy. 

Regarding the division of botany, there are two aspects: the first is in charge of evaluating plant species in a general way; the second to classify them. 

9. Cytology

The word ‘ cyto’ means ‘cell’, logia ‘study’, that is, cytology , is responsible for studying the cells of prokaryotic and eukaryotic organisms. 

Now, this science has a historical antecedent that was added since the appearance of equipment to measure and specify microorganisms.

This equipment is the microscope , a tool used to identify the cells of organisms, by extracting tissue or organic samples. 

For example, when a woman has a cytology, it is to identify the cells of the cervix and if there is any alteration.

10. Physiology

It is the study of the vital processes and functions of living beings. The etymology of its name has Greek roots in the words ” physis ” (nature) and ‘ logia’ (science). 

Likewise, it has several divisions that include the interaction of various living species such as animals, humans, plants and microorganisms. 

Finally, physiology investigates the normal vital procedures of each cell or tissue that make up living beings.

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